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Intense fear of public humiliation or embarrassment

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Intense fear of public humiliation or embarrassment Avoidance of social situations Avoid pubic eating, speaking, meeting new people May be specific to a few situations Generalized social phobia – fear and avoidance of all social situations Very sensitive to criticism and rejection; meeting expectations of others Are less likely to be in a romantic relationship May not complete school or advance at work due to avoidance Neurological: Amygdala strongly activated when shown faces with negative expressions The heritability of social phobia is 37% on average Children with shy temperament or behavioral inhibition Specific phobia Excessive or unreasonable anxiety or fear related to a specific situation or event There are five categories of specific phobias: 1. Animal type 2. Natural environment type Focuses on heights, water, or storm 3. Blood-injection-injury type 4. Situational type Situation, such as being in an airplane or elevator, or enclosed space 5. Other type Any other type of specific phobia that does not fall into the four categories Fear of falling down when not near a wall, fear of costumed characters, fear of situations that may lead to choking, vomiting, or contracting an illness Majority of those with one specific phobia are likely to have at least one more Preparedness Natural readiness for certain stimuli to produce certain conditioned responses Less experience needed to produce the conditioning Obsessions Intrusive and recurring thoughts, images Compulsions Repetitive behaviors or mental acts person feels compelled to complete Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Obsessions or compulsions
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Recognition of irrationality; Perceived inability to control or suppress the thoughts Performing behaviors temporarily relieves or prevents anxiety Post traumatic Stress disorder- Some who experience a traumatic event go on to develop a stress disorder Marked by three types of persistent symptoms Reexperiencing Avoidance/Numbing Hyperarousal At least 1 month of symptoms. Know the role of behavioral factors (classical and operant conditioning, modeling) in the development and maintenance of the anxiety disorders. Hypervigilance Heightened search for threats Feeling that the worrying is out of control Sensing that the worrying prevents panic Stressful life events can trigger symptoms in vulnerable person Psychological Increase sense of control over thoughts and worries More accurate view of danger Decrease muscle tension Behavioral methods Breathing retraining Muscle relaxation training Reduce behaviors associated with worry Know the cognitive contributions to anxiety disorders (memory and attention biases). Cognitive methods focus on:
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