New diseases from colonists aging biological aspects

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New diseases from colonists Aging Biological aspects – Males Andropause Drop testosterone, lose muscle mass Biological aspects – Females Menopause Only medicated in the United States Global average of 50 Cessation of reproduction, traumatic Bio reactions are same world over, behavioral is different Behavioral response differences Increasing STDs in 65+
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Anthropology 201: Unit 4 03:56 Keeping mind active, working Both male and female Hearing and sight loss, wrinkles (loss of collagen), osteoporosis, new hair, baldness,  shrinking Life span Maximum time individual has survived: Record is 122, current is 115, 116 Life expectancy How long one can expect to live Based on current numbers of the year you are born Females live longer than males United States is the 34 th  longest Value of life history Increasing number of people living to 65+ Library of ideas and knowledge Epidemiology Study of diseases in populations Types of diseases Acute – short term Chronic – long term, months or years Infectious Caused by a biological organism (something with DNA)
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Anthropology 201: Unit 4 03:56 Parasites, fungi, viruses Some transmitted through placenta Non-infectious Caused by genetics or environment Pollution, nuclear, etc. Communicable Transmitted from person to person (no vector) Non-communicable Malaria through mosquito, rabies through mammals Requires a vector Examples HIV   chronic, infectious, communicable Huntington’s   chronic, non-infectious, non-communicable Small pox   acute, infectious, communicable Zoonoses Diseases that come from animals Most fall under this category Most result from domestication of animals Examples Cat Scratch Fever, Cow Pox, HIV, Bird Flu
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Anthropology 201: Unit 4 03:56 Disease Rates Incidence rates Refers to the number of new cases in a given time period Endemic Illness that’s almost constantly present: malaria, cold Epidemic Hits a population, has a very high peak, and then drops Often misused Pandemic Illness that has reached every part of the world where people live HIV/AIDS, cancer, cholera Variolation Small Pox Extremely painful and fatal, used to be pandemic Used to hit the world in waves, although some survived Anthropological because of variolation Take some infection and give to the non-infected to “slightly infect” them   vaccination Comes from natives, indigenous, shamans, etc. Health organizations decided it was unacceptable and the world needed it eradicated AND THROUGH VACCINATION, THEY DID IT!
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Anthropology 201: Unit 4 03:56 Changing Times History In 1967 surgeon general said, “We’re done” Money shifted from infectious to non-infectious Don’t have a way to monitor movement CDC had to shut down
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