CRIMINAL J
INTRO%20TO%20CJ-CHPT%201%2C2%20%26%204%20STUDY%20GUIDE%281%29.docx

Investigation and arrestknow these steps probable

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INVESTIGATION AND ARREST(know these steps) Probable cause : Set of facts and circumstances that would induce a reasonably intelligent person to believe that a specific person has committed a crime Warrant : Writ issued in criminal proceedings by a judicial officer directing a law enforcement officer to perform a specified act, and protects the officer from any damages related to the act Arres t: Act of taking an adult or juvenile into custody Miranda Rights -if arrest is made Field interrogation- police stop, to ask questions pertinent to the case; but can’t conduct without cooperation of the citizen. CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS Booking A law enforcement or correctional administrative process of officially recording an entry into detention after arrest First Appearance Formally notified of the charges Advised of their rights Given the opportunity to retain a lawyer or have one appointed to represent them May be afforded the opportunity for bail Preliminary Hearing Occurs before a judicial officer & allows the defense to assess the strength of the prosecution’s case Purpose: - Whether a crime had been committed - Whether the crime was committed within the jurisdiction of the court - Whether there are reasonable grounds to believe that the defendant committed the crime Information A formal written accusation submitted to a court by a prosecutor, alleging that… (a) specified person(s) has committed (a) specified offense(s) Indictment Formal written accusation submitted to the court by a grand jury, alleging that a specific person has committed a specified offense, usually a felony Arraignment Hearing before the court having jurisdiction in a criminal case in which the… - Identity of the defendant is established.
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- Defendant is informed of the charges against him/her. - Defendant is informed of his/her rights and requested to enter a plea. Trial Examination of the issues of fact and law for the purpose of reaching a judgment of conviction or acquittal Sentencing A number of difference sentencing options exist, from fines to the death penalty; these are the types of these that will be discussed towards the tail end of the semester. Corrections The arm of the system which carries out the sentence HISTORICAL EVENTS-(explain these) 1960’s/1970’s : The focus of individual rights through the civil rights movement impacted the criminal justices system and how the system operates. As we move through the semester, we will discuss various cases and find many important decisions came during the civil rights movement. 1980s : With the increase in the sale and use of illegal narcotics, we had the “War on Drugs” which many credit with changing the face of those who are arrested and increasing the corrections population.
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  • Fall '13
  • criminal law, assault, robbery

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