Made agreement with junkers so he could have enough

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Made agreement with Junkers so he could have enough money to build an army: Junkers provide him with revenue and he will agree to their control over the serfsoHe left his son Frederick III (King Frederick I) an excellent armyFrederick II aka the GreatoRefer to enlightened despots section ^Maria TheresaoPushed a series of reforms that removed some hardships that were placed on the serfs.Joseph II (Maria Theresa’s son)osee enlightened despots section for details ^Leopold II (Joseph II’s brother)oBacked away from Joseph’s enlightened policies in order to put an end to a series of aristocratic and peasant revoltsWar of the Austrian Succession (1740 – 1748)Began with HRE Charles VI because he lacked a male heirPushed other European states to accept the Pragmatic Sanction, which allowed afemale to succeed to the throne of Austria and control assorted Habsburg lands.Died without son, so his daughter Maria Theresa came to throne.France and Prussia had “promised” to respect the Pragmatic Sanction, but they viewed Charles’ death as an opportunity to gain land. Hungarian nobility also agreed to it in exchange for recognition of Hungary as an independent kingdom.oFrederick the Great attacked Silesia (richest part of Austrian empire) and succeededoRegaining was impossible for Maria, but with the help of Hungarian nobility she was able to put down a revolt in Bohemia and remain on the throne
This conflict became a general European war between Austria, Russia, Sweden, Denmark, and Great Britain (feared French expansion in Austrian Netherlands) vsPrussia, France, and Spain. In the end:Treaty of Aix-la-ChapelleAustrian throne was safe and reserved for the Hapsburgs.Diplomatic RevolutionMaria worked out an alliance with France (only if France got Austrian Netherlands). Despite their recent hostile relationship, France was increasingly wary of the growing of Prussian power. Sweden and Russia also joined this alliance.Great Britain had broken away from Austria and became allies with Prussia. Britain did not contribute to war as much but rather aided Prussia financially. Their main focus was winning the French and Indian War (French colonies inIndia and Canada were confiscated)The Diplomatic Revolution led to the Seven Years War, which started when Frederick attacked in order to put down his enemies quickly before they had a plan to defeat Prussia. This INITIALLY paid off (defeated French AND Austrian army) but it backfired when the Russian army arrived and took Berlin (RIP). PeterIII of Russia showed mercy and did not completely destroy Prussia. So Frederick was the winner of Europe, and Britain was the winner of the French and Indian War.RussiaIvan the TerribleoWhen he died Russia entered the “Time of Troubles”oLasted until a tsar from the Romanov family. This dynasty would continueto rule until the Russian Revolution of 1917.

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