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10. What are blood vessels of the kidneys innervated by?a. Vagus nerve b. Sympathetic nervous system c. Somatic nervous systemd. Parasympathetic nervous system 11. When renin is released, it is capable of which action?12. A student asks the professor to explain what effect natriuretic peptides have during heart failure when the heart dilates. Which response by the professor is best?13. What is the direct action of atrial natriuretic hormone?
14. What term is used to identify the movement of fluids and solutes from the tubular lumen to the peritubular capillary plasma?a. Tubular secretion b. Ultrafiltration c. Tubular reabsorption d. Tubular excretion 15. A patient’s urinalysis came back positive for glucose. What does the healthcare professional expect the patient’s blood glucose to be at a minimum?16. Which hormone is required for water to be reabsorbed in the distal tubule and collecting duct?17. Which glycoprotein protects against urolithiasis?18. What is the end product of protein metabolism that is excreted in urine?a. Glucose b. Ketonesc. Biled. Urea
19. What is the action of urodilatin?20. The concentration of the final urine is determined by antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which is secreted by which gland?21. What does the healthcare professional understand about urodilatin?