Cpa accreditation the american institute of certified

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CPA Accreditation - The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) is the professional organization of certified public accountants (CPAs) in the United States. A CPA is someone who has taken a minimum number of college-level accounting classes, has passed the CPA exam, and has met other requirements set by his or her state. A CPA firm is a company that provides freelance business advice, particularly in connection with accounting issues and executes the vast majority of external audits in the US. The AICPA sets ethical standards for CPAs, provides continuing education for them, writes and grades the CPA exam, lobbies for legislation favored by CPAs, and provides other support to CPAs. Its oversight of the CPA exam is its main role in accreditation. However, to be accredited as a CPA you must meet the requirements of the state in which you plan to practice. The requirements for each state are set by that state’s legislature and overseen by that state’s Board of Accountancy, which is a state agency. (Reference Topic 1.5) Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) – The PCAOB determines who can audit public companies regardless of whether the audit firm is accredited by a state Board of Accountancy. Thus, they accredit firms that can audit public companies. Describe current trends that are causing changes in the field of accounting. Globalization – As more and more business do business globally, capital flows more freely across national boundaries. This means investors can choose to invest in firms all over the planet. To help them make investment decisions, the global accounting and regulatory communities are working to bring accounting standards around the world into agreement the IASB was one step in that direction, but nations still control the accounting standards used within their borders and so much of the standardization is being done through voluntary cooperation Technology – Information technology has speeded up the pace with which accounting data and reports are produced and dramatically increased the volume of accounting information that firms can provide to investors. (Reference Topic 1.6) Chapter 2: Overview of Financial Statements Identify the purposes of financial statements in specific situations. The main different uses of financial statements depends on how different users use them. Here is a list of the major users and how their use of financial statements differs. Lenders 3
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Banks use companies' financial statements in making decisions about commercial loans. The financial statements are useful because they help the lender predict the future ability of the borrower to repay the loan. Investors Investors want information to help them estimate how much cash they can expect to directly receive from the business in the future if they invest in it now.
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  • Spring '16
  • Kenneth Cassell
  • Balance Sheet, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

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