ENG
Gender Final.docx

Political and economic inequalities among different

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political, and economic inequalities among different communities that contribute to infringements of reproductive justice. In this area, the argument has been framed as either "pro- life" versus "pro-abortion" or "pro-fetus" v.s. "Pro-choice." Susan Shaw and Janet Lee said it best when saying,”In other words, a key aspect of reproductive justice is the extent to which people can control their reproduction and therefore shape the quality and character of their lives”(372- 73). With this as our frame of reference, we come to an impasse where the lines have been hardened. Conversation is difficult or impossible once you've aligned yourself in this manner. It is time to reconsider womens' health using the language of reproductive justice, where all dimensions of a woman's health needs are being met. Planned Parenthood is in the forefront of offering a comprehensive health service with pre-natal care, STD prevention and counseling and regular annual womens' health check-ups. Adoption is not an alternative to abortion because it remains the woman's choice whether or not to give her child up for adoption. Statistics show that very few women who give birth choose to give up their babies; less than 3 percent of white unmarried women and less than 2 percent of percent black unmarried women. Planned Parenthood has always stood for reproductive choice and womens' health. With our current administration attacking these services and wanting to defund P.P., we more
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than ever need reproductive justice. Reproductive justice includes all kinds of services a woman may need, from birth control to abortion, no matter her income, no matter her race, no matter her immigration status. Shaw and Lee bring up my point once again by saying,”In other words, ‘freely choose” is difficult in a racist, class-based, and sexist society that does not provide all people with the same options from which to choose”(374). In a clear and persuasive new book, “About Abortion” (Harvard), Carol Sanger, a professor of law at Columbia, explores the roots and the ramifications of this chastening regime. “Much of current abortion regulation operates to punish women for their decision to terminate a pregnancy,” Sanger writes. “This is so even though abortion has not been a crime since 1973, and even then, women themselves were rarely included within criminal abortion statutes.” When you cannot ban something outright, it’s possible to make the process of obtaining it so onerous as to be a kind of punishment. Part three(communication shapes the debate) The "pro-life" argument is that an embryo (or, in later stages of development, a fetus) is a human being entitled to protection from the moment of either conception or implantation and therefore has a right to life that must be respected. According to this argument, abortion is homicide. Molly Ginty gives her own personal experience when she says,”Catholic-affiliated facilities are not allowed to perform procedures that the Catholic Church deems ‘intrinsically immoral, such as
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abortion and direct sterilization.’”(Shaw & Lee 426). Many take it a step further and say that,
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