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Middle ear cavity Synovial cavity in a joint between neck vertebrae Fibrous capsule around joint FIGURE 1 . 7 Other body cavities. The oral, nasal, orbital, and middle ear cavities are located in the head and open to the body exterior. Synovial cavities are found in joints between many bones such as the vertebrae of the spine, and at the knee, shoulder, and hip.
NAME __________ _ LAB TIME/DATE The Language of Anatomy Surface Anatomy 1. Match each of the following descriptions with a key equivalent, and record the key letter or term in front of the description. Key: a. buccal c. cephalic e. patellar b. calcaneal d. digital f. scapular 1. cheek 4. anterior aspect of knee 2. pertaining to the fingers 5. heel of foot 3. shoulder blade region 6. pertaining to the head 2. Indicate the following body areas on the accompanying diagram by placing the correct key letter at the end of each line. Key: a. abdominal b. antecubital c. brachia I d. cervical e. crural f. femoral g. fibular h. gluteal 1. lumbar J. occipital k. oral I. pop Ii teal m. pubic n. sural 0. thoracic p. umbilical 3. Classify each of the terms in the key of question 2 above into one of the large body regions indicated below. Insert the ap-propriate key letters on the answer blanks. ___________ 1. appendicular ___________ 2. Body Orientation, Direction, Planes, and Sections 4. Describe completely the standard human anatomical position.---------------------axial 11
12 Review Sheet 1 S. Define section. ----------------------6. Several incomplete statements are listed below. Correctly complete each statement by choosing the appropriate anatomical term from the key. Record the key letters and/or terms on the correspondingly numbered blanks below. Key: a. b. c. anterior distal frontal d. e. f. inferior lateral medial g. posterior h. proximal L sagittal j. k. superior transverse In the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the _1_ body surface; the buttocks and shoulder blades are on the _L body surface; and the top of the head is the most_]_ part of the body. The ears are _.1_ and~ to the shoulders and _Q_ to the nose. The heart is _J__ to the vertebral column (spine) and ..JL to the lungs. The elbow is _2_ to the fingers but _lQ_ to the shoulder. The abdominopelvic cavity is _lL to the thoracic cavity and ___Ll__ to the spinal cavity. In humans, the dor-sal surface can also be called the _JJ__ surface; however, in quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the -11-surface. If an incision cuts the heart into right and left parts, the section is a _ll_ section; but if the heart is cut so that superior and inferior portions result, the section is a _JQ_ section. You are told to cut a dissection animal along two planes so that both kidneys are observable in each section. The two sections that will always meet this requirement are the _u_ and __l1L sec-tions. A section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a -12_ section.