In addition to drivers many devices come with special

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In addition to drivers, many devices come with special software that interacts with the driver and the operating system to customize how the device works. Hot swapping/plugging Hot swappable devices are devices that can be added and removed without shutting down the computer (technically speaking, hot plug refers to automatically detecting and configuring devices that are added, while hot swap refers to the ability to both add and remove devices). Hot swapping must be supported by the BIOS, the bus type or controller, the device, and the driver/operating system. USB and FireWire devices are examples of buses and devices designed specifically with hot swap support. Most newer SATA drives are hot swappable. When you connect a hot swappable device, Windows automatically detects the device, configures a driver (if one is not already installed), and enables the device. To remove a hot swappable component, use the Safely Remove Hardware feature to shut down the device before unplugging it from the system. Be aware of the following when installing devices: Before purchasing or installing the device, verify that the device is compatible with the version of Windows you are running. You can: o Check the product documentation and look for the Certified for Windows Logo. o Check the Microsoft Hardware Compatibility List (HCL). o Contact the manufacturer to see if the device is compatible. Obtain the latest driver before installation. Instead of using the driver included on the installation disc, check the manufacturer's website for the latest driver. Read the product documentation and follow the instructions for installation. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions for installing and configuring a device. For USB devices, you will typically install the driver prior to connecting the device. For internal and non-hot swappable devices, turn off and unplug the system before installing the device. Windows will automatically configure a device if: o The device is fully plug and play capable. o There are no resource conflicts or other problems. o Windows finds a suitable driver in its driver database. o The driver is signed and from a trusted publisher. On Windows, unsigned and self-signed drivers must be manually approved. However, you cannot install unsigned drivers on x64 versions of Windows. Use Device Manager to view installed devices and their status. To open Device Manager:
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o Right-click the Start button and click Device Manager . o Click Start and type Device Manager . Click Device Manager . o Press the Windows key + R and type devmgmt.msc . Use the device icon to identify the status of the device: o If the icon for the device is not there, then Windows did not detect the device. Try scanning for new hardware or rebooting the system to detect the device.
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