{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Your answer explanation in a foraging society food

Info iconThis preview shows pages 48–50. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Your Answer: Explanation In a foraging society, food producers are tied to land or herds by descent from a lineage founder who owns rights. Question 12 of 24 In Africa, communal ownership is at the heart of the traditional or customary tenure systems that still dominate land use in rural areas. Your Answer: Explanation In these customary systems of ownership, some use rights, such as the use of arable or residential lands, may be held by individuals and passed on within a family, while access rights to pastures, forests, mountain areas, waterways, and sacred areas may be shared. Question 13 of 24 The classic feudal system was that some lord, king, prince, etc, owned the land. He (and it was usually a he) would allocate much of that land to individuals (nobles) in exchange for their loyalty and some sort of payment such as military service. Your Answer: Explanation That noble might have sub nobles, with the people actually working the land in some extreme cases being serfs--slaves who literally were part of the property of the noble. Question 14 of 24 Most national governments have actively discouraged customary tenure systems in an attempt to encourage economic growth. The assumption--largely disproved by recent experience--was that private ownership would better foster the investment and productivity increases that modern states depend on for growth. Your Answer: Explanation In Indonesia, for example, the central government has often ignored traditional forest tenure (ownership) arrangements when selling timber concessions to private logging companies, incurring the anger of local residents who have lost use of the forest without compensation. Question 15 of 24 Reciprocity is the exchange of goods and services of approximately equal value between two parties, usually surrounded by ritual and ceremony. It is also the return of gifts, services and emotions.
Background image of page 48

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Your Answer: Explanation The modes of exchange beyond the household take place symmetrically, often at the kin group level. This type of system is characteristic of food-foraging groups. Question 16 of 24 In generalized reciprocity, neither the value of the gift nor the time of repayment is specified . Your Answer: Explanation This is in contrast to balanced reciprocity, in which the giving and receiving are specific as to the value of the goods and the time of delivery. Question 17 of 24 The Kula Ring is a ceremonial exchange of shell ornaments that takes place on the Islands of New Guinea . Your Answer: Explanation Red shell ornaments are traded in a clockwise direction around the islands while white ornaments are traded in a counter clockwise direction. This practice is also known as the Kula Circle. Question 18 of 24
Background image of page 49
Image of page 50
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page48 / 62

Your Answer Explanation In a foraging society food...

This preview shows document pages 48 - 50. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online