DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Your answer explanation noting a distinction between

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Your Answer: Explanation Noting a distinction between the formal and informal sectors of the market economy, Haviland defines informal economy as "the system by which producers of goods and services provide marketable commodities that escape government control." Question 21 of 24 Production is not typically performed by specialists in tribal societies. Age and gender may determine who weaves, makes pottery, etc. Your Answer: Explanation Specialization refers to division of labor, where people carry out the activities they are more qualified for and adept at performing. In most tribes, there is no specialization--that is a feature of industrialized societies. Exception would be specialist tribes in Amazonia that specialize in order to engage widely in trade and social activity. Question 22 of 24 Industrial economy involves impersonal relationships. The economy functions separately from the social and kinship organization. Your Answer: Explanation On the other hand, a non-industrial economy is integrated with, or embedded within the social system. Question 23 of 24 Domestic production is performed inside the home by a family and kinship. Many less complex societies engage in it. Your Answer: Explanation Tributary Production is performed in non-industrial societies in which most people produce their own food, but an elite controls a portion of production. Question 24 of 24 In non-industrial societies, ritual feasting may actually be a solution to regional problems of uneven food availability. The potlatch and ritual consumption often viewed as "wasteful" among northwest coast
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Indians like the Kwakiutl, actually has a purpose of redistribution of food to more needy groups. Your Answer: Explanation Ceremonial distribution of property and gifts to affirm or reaffirm social status, are uniquely institutionalized by the American Indians of the Northwest Pacific coast. Wealth is used to "purchase" prestige through ritual generosity and conspicuous consumption. Political Organization Question 1 of 17 Most mobile foragers organize their social and political lives around the nuclear family. The small groups that are created when a few nuclear families come together are called bands. Eskimo society is used as an example of a foraging society. Your Answer: Explanation Bands are small, kin-based groups found among foragers. Band-organized societies don't permit people to accumulate wealth, they prize generosity, and they generally recognize that all members of the band have access to all of the strategic resources of the band. Question 2 of 17 Tribes are associated with non-intensive food production and have villages and/or descent groups, but no formal government or social classes. Your Answer: Explanation In bands and tribes, the political order (polity) is not a distinct institution, but is embedded in the overall social order.
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