Inadequate production of erythropoietin Question 20 1 out of 1 points When a nurse is checking the urinalysis, plasma proteins should be absent from the urine because: Selected Answer: d. The negative charge of the glomerular filtration membrane repels the plasma proteins. Correct Answer: d. The negative charge of the glomerular filtration membrane repels the plasma proteins. Question 21 1 out of 1 points A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is: Selected Answer: c. Acute glomerulonephritis Correct Answer: c. Acute glomerulonephritis Question 22 1 out of 1 points A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development, and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will call this condition:
Selected Answer: a. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) Correct Answer: a. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) Question 23 1 out of 1 points When the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurse use? Selected Answer: b. Macula densa Correct Answer: b. Macula densa Question 24 1 out of 1 points While planning care for a patient with renal calculi, the nurse remembers the most important factor in renal calculus formation is: Selected Answer: a. urine pH. Correct Answer: a. urine pH. Question 25 1 out of 1 points A 35-year-old hypertensive male begins taking a diuretic. Which of the following common side effects of this medication should the nurse monitor? Selected Answer: a. Hypokalemia Correct Answer: a. Hypokalemia Question 26 1 out of 1 points A 75-year-old male reports to his primary care provider loss of urine with cough, sneezing, or laughing. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? Selected b.
Answer: Stress incontinence Correct Answer: b. Stress incontinence Question 27 1 out of 1 points A 15-year-old female presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests reveal glomerulonephritis. When the parents ask what could have caused this, how should the nurse respond? Selected Answer: a. Poststreptococcal infection Correct Answer: a. Poststreptococcal infection Question 28 1 out of 1 points A 24-year-old female is diagnosed with renal calculus that is causing obstruction. Which of the following symptoms would she most likely experience? Selected Answer: b. Hematuria Correct Answer: b. Hematuria Question 29 0 out of 1 points A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney obstruction leading to removal of the affected kidney. Which of the following would the nurse expect to occur? Selected Answer: d. Renal failure Correct Answer: b. Compensatory hypertrophy of the remaining kidney Question 30 1 out of 1 points A 7-year-old male presents to his primary care provider for incontinence. His mother indicates that he has never been continent. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
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- Fall '17
- keisha lovence
- Chronic Renal Failure, 42-year-old female