transformation in architectural ideas at this moment in the mid eighteenth

Transformation in architectural ideas at this moment

This preview shows page 27 - 30 out of 280 pages.

transformation in architectural ideas at this moment in the mid- eighteenth century.The Trevi is a culmination of a grand cultural 27 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
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tradition in Roman architecture and yet subtly innovative in its Enlightenment philosophical implications.The Trevi Fountain was the most widely influential modern construction in its day, emulated by architects across Europe. It enthuses still today an almost fanatical fascination among all who encounter it. luigi vanvitelli and the reggia at caserta Clement XII’s consolation prize of the Trevi Fountain commission to Salvi was coupled with another commission to the second runner-up in the Lateran competition, Luigi Vanvitelli.Vanvitelli was the son of a Dutch landscape painter working in Italy, Gaspar Van Wittel, who Italianized his son’s last name. Luigi trained like many in his day in scenography yet found employ in civil engineering. His participation in the competition for the facade of the Lateran assured his reputation although the bulk of his work continued to be in rather utilitarian tasks. He built the bastions and quarantine hospital in the pope’s Adriatic port of Ancona, his consolation prize, and reorganized Michelangelo’s Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome, itself a reintegration of the ancient Baths of Diocletian, which stirred criticism comparable to the contemporaneous Pantheon restorations.As head architect of the building commission at Saint Peter’s, called the Fabbrica , his restoration project of Michelangelo’s dome was contested yet successful. In Vanvitelli, the indispensable professional qualifications of engineer and architect, scenographer and coordinator were recognized by, among many, King Carlos III of Naples. Naples and the southern reaches of the Italian peninsula, ancient Magna Graecia, had been ruled over by a succession of foreign powers.The early eighteenth century brought the Bourbon monarchy to Naples under Carlos III. Born the son of King Felipe V of Spain and Elisabetta Farnese, Carlos inherited not only the traditions arcing back through the French Bourbons to King Louis XIV, his great-grandfather, but also through his maternal line to the Farnese and Medici dynasties of Italy. Carlos III became, in 1734, the 28 the architecture of modern italy
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absolute monarch of the new and autonomous Kingdom of Two Sicilies which bordered the papal states to the south. Naples, which for over two centuries had languished, was now under Carlos’s rule to be promoted to rank with Madrid, Paris, and Rome. Carlos instigated ameliorative policies in architecture, urbanism, and regional infrastructure that became a primary function of his reign. By ordering landed aristocrats to be physically present at the capital’s urban court, Carlos stimulated the local economy in construction while simultaneously directing Naples toward a more cosmopolitan image.The king set the example by supporting the arts, undertaking archeological excavations at the buried ancient city of Herculaneum, and building several royal palaces.
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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