Chapter 3 Notes o New York then passed series of laws “black code” strictly regulating lives of slaves Modeled afer South Carolinas (1691) 1739 – Stono Rebellion - 20 slaves attacked a store in Stono, South Carolina o Killed owner, seized & headed toward freedom in Spanish-controlled Florida o Within days they killed 25 whites – militia then caught them o Most were killed 5. Analyze the impact of the Enlightenment & Great Awakening on the colonies. a. Printing presses, higher education & city life a flow of new ideas that circulated via long-distance travel, tavern life, postal service, books & newspapers. b. The attitudes of the Enlightenment were transported along international trade routes. c. Sir Isaac Newton’s scientific discoveries culminated in the belief that reason could improve society d. Benjamin Franklin -believed people could shape their own destinies – became the face of the Enlightenment in America. e. Deism expressed the religious views of the Age of Reason f. By contrast during the 1730s a revival of faith (Great Awakening) swept through the colonies g. New congregations formed as evangelists insisted that Christians be “reborn” h. Individualism not orthodoxy was stressed in this first popular religious movement in America’s history Commerce & culture Urban elite & city problems Travel & tavern – the circulation of new ideas Enlightenment: AKA age of Reason o Celebrated freedom of thought, rational inquiry, critical thinking, scientific research, political liberty & indv freedom o Sought the truth o Immanuel Kant – “Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own understanding.” o Triggered by scientific revolution in early 16 th century o Deism Religious response to Enlightenment: Traveling evangelists & intense revivals Jonathan Edwards o 1734 – 1735 o Prominent congregationalist minister in western Massachusetts town of Northampton o Helped rekindle spiritual intensity among his congregants Radical evangelists o William Tennent – Presbyterian revivalists – stirred souls in Pennsylvania o Caused great anxiety Preached to the bottom of the social scale Disrupted the social order in the colonies Women & revivals o Sarah Haggar Osborne – secret prayer meetings for black & white
Chapter 3 Notes o Bathsheba Kingsley – stole her husbands horse to spread the gospel, when her husband tried to stop her she pummeled him with harsh words and blows praying that he go quick to hell
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- Spring '17
- Janet Covert
- Thirteen Colonies, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God