DSST Anthropology as a Discipline

The first cache of the dead sea scrolls was

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The first cache of the Dead Sea Scrolls was discovered in 1947 by a Bedouin looking for a stray animal. These accidental finds often lead to important excavations . Some sites are explored provisionally by sampling cuts known as sondages . Large sites are not usually dug out entirely, although a moderate-sized round barrow may be completely moved by excavation. The Palaeolithic Period, also called the Old Stone Age, is an ancient cultural stage, or level, of human development, characterized by the use of rudimentary chipped stone tools. At sites dating from the Lower Paleolithic Period (about 2,500,000 to 200,000 years ago), simple pebble tools have been found in association with the remains of what may have been the earliest human ancestors. A somewhat more sophisticated Lower Paleolithic tradition, known as the chopper -chopping tool industry, is widely distributed in the Eastern Hemisphere. The chopper-chopping tool industry is the earliest recognized tool tradition used by hominids ; also known as the "pebble industry". This tradition is thought to have been the work of the hominid species named Homo erectus. Although no such fossil tools have yet been found, it is believed that H. erectus probably made tools of wood and bone as well as stone. About 700,000 years ago, a new Lower Paleolithic tool, the hand ax , appeared. The earliest European hand axes are assigned to the Abbevillian industry, which developed in northern France in the valley of the Somme River; a later, more refined hand-ax tradition is seen in the Acheulian industry, evidence of which has been found in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Alongside the hand-ax tradition there developed a distinct and very different stone-tool industry, based on flakes of stone: special tools were made from worked (carefully shaped) flakes of flint. In Europe, the Clactonian industry is one example of a flake tradition. The early flake industries probably contributed to the development of the Middle Paleolithic flake tools of the Mousterian industry, which is associated with the remains of Neanderthal man. Because many Neanderthal burial sites contain the remains of food , tools and other objects it is thought that they believed in an afterlife. Researchers have found burial grounds of Neanderthal man dating to 60,000 BC with flower fragments next to the corpse and animal antlers on the body indicating some type of ritual and funeral gifts.
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Tools associated with mammoth kills are known as the Clovis complex. The mammoth (now extinct)was a huge elephant. The Clovis complex included knives, bone tools, scrapers and the Clovis projectile point. The Clovis was large, leaf shaped and flaked on both sides. The Folsom
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The first cache of the Dead Sea Scrolls was discovered in...

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