Whereupon the zealots out of the dread they were in

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Whereupon the zealots, out of the dread they were in of his attacking them, and being willing to prevent one that was growing up to oppose them, went out against him with their weapons. Simon met them, and joining battle with them, slew a considerable number of them ( Wars 4.9) Giora was eventually captured and executed. (Wars 7.5.6) Josephus mentions numerous other prophetic groups who led Jews in and out of the wilderness with promises of divine liberation: These were such men as deceived and deluded the people under pretense of Divine inspiration, but were for procuring innovations and changes of the government; and these prevailed with the multitude to act like madmen, and went before them into the wilderness, as pretending that God would there show them the signals of liberty . But Felix thought this procedure was to be the beginning of a revolt; so he sent some horsemen and footmen both armed, who destroyed a great number of them. But there was an Egyptian false prophet that did the Jews more mischief than the former; for he was a cheat, and pretended to be a prophet also, and got together thirty thousand men that were deluded by him; these he led round about from the wilderness to the mount which was called the Mount of Olives, and was ready to break into Jerusalem by force from that place; and if he could but once conquer the Roman garrison and the people . . . ( Wars 2.13.4-5) For other prophetic movements see Acts 5:36; Theudas is also mentioned in Antiquities 20 [see powerpoint Geography for New Testament and/or - information/an-overview-of-new-testament-geography/ ] 28
NTNotesImperato Groups of People in the New Testament Period Knowledge of some of the groups of people mentioned in the New Testament and in literature contemporaneous to the New Testament will help to orient the reader to the New Testament text itself. Knowledge of these groups give some insight into Jewish society of that time and help explain some of the terms used and occupations depicted. [Aside: One of the best sources for Jewish history at this time is Flavius Josephus who wrote War of the Jews, Antiquities of the Jews, Autobiography, Concerning Hades, and Against Apion. He was born Joseph ben Mattatias in Jerusalem in 37 CE into a priestly and Hasmonean family. He conformed himself to Pharisaic rules : “began to conduct myself according to the rules of the sect of the Pharisees,” which is not identical to saying he was a Pharisee. ( Autobiography, ) He fought against the Romans until he was captured by Vespasian ( War 3.8.9; also Suetonius Twelve Caesars: Vespasian 5: “And when Josephus one of the noble prisoners, was put in chains, he confidently affirmed that he should be released in a very short time by the same Vespasian, but he would be emperor first.” *.html\ ) Josephus acquired the family name of Vespasian (Flavian), and in his writings refers to himself as Flavius Josephus.

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