Twelve men of their peers as the subjects of england

This preview shows page 12 - 15 out of 19 pages.

twelve men of their peers, as the subjects of England are. And it is further enacted and ordained that if any Negro or other slave under punishment by his master unfortunately shall suffer in life or member, which seldom happens, no person whatsoever shall be liable to any fi ne therefore. Early Carolina Coins These copper halfpennies bore the image of an elephant, an unofficial symbol of the colony, and a prayer for the Lords Proprietors.
Image of page 12

Subscribe to view the full document.

The "Restoration Colonies" 39 In 1707 the Savannah Indians decided to end their alliance with the Carolinians and to migrate to the backcountry of Maryland and Pennsylvania, where a new colony founded by Quakers under William Penn promised better relations between whites and Indians. But the Carolinians determined to “thin” the Savan- nahs before they could depart. A series of bloody raids all but annihilated the Indian tribes of coastal Carolina by 1710. After much experimentation, rice emerged as the principal export crop in Carolina. Rice was then an ex- otic food in Eng land; no rice seeds were sent out from London in the fi rst supply ships to Carolina. But rice was grown in Africa, and the Carolinians were soon paying premium prices for West African slaves experi- enced in rice cultivation. The Africans’ agricultural skill and their relative immunity to malaria (thanks to a genetic trait that also, unfortunately, made them and their descendants susceptible to sickle-cell anemia) made them ideal laborers on the hot and swampy rice plantations. By 1710 they constituted a majority of Carolinians. Moss-festooned Charles Town—also named for the king—rapidly became the busiest seaport in the South. Many high-spirited sons of Eng lish landed families, deprived of an inheritance, came to the Charleston area and gave it a rich aristocratic fl avor. The village be- came a colorfully diverse community, to which French Table 2.2 The Thirteen Original Colonies Name Founded by Year Charter Made Royal 1775 Status 1606 Royal (under the crown) 1. Virginia London Co. 1607 1609 1624 1612 2. New Hampshire John Mason 1623 1679 1679 Royal (absorbed by Mass., and others 1641–1679) 3. Massachusetts Puritans ca. 1628 1629 1691 Royal Plymouth Separatists 1620 None (Merged with Mass., 1691) Maine F. Gorges 1623 1639 (Bought by Mass., 1677) 4. Maryland Lord Baltimore 1634 1632 ——— Proprietary (controlled by proprietor) 5. Connecticut Mass. emigrants 1635 1662 ——— Self-governing (under local control) New Haven Mass. emigrants 1638 None (Merged with Conn., 1662) 6. Rhode Island R. Williams 1636 1644 ——— Self-governing 1663 7. Delaware Swedes 1638 None ——— Proprietary (merged with Pa., 1682; same governor, but separate assembly, granted 1703) 8. N. Carolina Virginians 1653 1663 1729 Royal (separated informally from S.C., 1691) 9. New York Dutch ca. 1613 Duke of York 1664 1664 1685 Royal 10. New Jersey Berkeley and 1664 None 1702 Royal Carteret 11. Carolina Eight nobles 1670 1663 1729 Royal (separated formally from N.C., 1712) 12. Pennsylvania William Penn 1681 1681 ——— Proprietary 13. Georgia Oglethorpe and 1733 1732 1752 Royal others { {
Image of page 13
40 Chapter 2 The Planting of English America, 1500–1733 Protestant refugees, Jews, and others were attracted by religious toleration.
Image of page 14

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 15
  • Spring '15
  • Ms. Machian
  • US History, Thirteen Colonies, Eng land

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern