Table 2 Correlations among scales p 01 p 05 Drinking motives 1 2 3 4 5 1

Table 2 correlations among scales p 01 p 05 drinking

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Table 2 Correlations among scales ** p \ .01; * p \ .05 Drinking motives 1 2 3 4 5 1. Ingroup identification 2. Life satisfaction .18** Drinking motives 3. Enhancement .03 - .08 4. Social .07 - .07 .70** 5. Coping - .08 - .25** .38** .37** 6. Conformity - .11* - .12** .25** .32** .33** 2028 S. Tartaglia et al. 123
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Fig. 1 Estimated parameters on male group: standardized regression weights and variances. Errors of the indicators and latent variables and correlations among drinking motives were omitted from the figure in order to make it easier to view Fig. 2 Estimated parameters on female group: standardized regression weights and variances. Errors of the indicators and latent variables and correlations among drinking motives were omitted from the figure in order to make it easier to view Life Satisfaction and Alcohol Consumption Among Young Adults 2029 123
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females b = .24), whereas involvement in an intimate relationship was positively related with Life satisfaction for women only ( b = .19); (b) Life satisfaction was negatively linked to the Coping drinking motive (males b = - .21; females b = - .29); (c) Ingroup identification was negatively associated to the Conformity drinking motive for men only ( b = - .22); and (d) The Enhancement drinking motive was positively related to alcohol consumption in both men and women (males b = .57; females b = .50), whereas the Coping drinking motive was negatively related to alcohol consumption in women only ( b = .19). The drinking motives were correlated with each other. The model explained 29 and 36% of the variance in alcohol consumption in men and women, respectively. 5 Discussion The results confirmed the direct link between drinking motives and alcohol use and showed the relation between life satisfaction and participants’ expectations regarding drinking alcohol. Moreover, we found significant gender differences. The following paragraphs present the main implications of the results and the limitations of the study. 5.1 Social Relationships, Life Satisfaction, and Drinking Expectations As expected, social relations are linked to young adults’ life satisfaction, highlighting not only the key role played by the social relationship in this phase one’s life (Haslam et al. 2009 ; Meirer and Allen 2008 ), but also some gender related peculiarities. Specifically, identification with their group of friends related positively with life satisfaction for both males and females, whereas being engaged in an intimate relationship had a positive relation only for females. This result is consistent with previous results of Simon and Barrett ( 2010 ), which indicated that a current involvement affects women’s mental health more than men’s mental health. Gender stereotypes prescribe relational roles as congruent with women identity (Tartaglia and Rollero 2015 ). This cultural pressure may explain the different importance of intimate relationships for young women and men. Life satisfaction showed a negative relation with the coping drinking motive, i.e. the expectation that drinking alcohol aids in coping with unsatisfactory life conditions. For young men only, Ingroup identification was related to the Conformity drinking motive. The less they
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  • Fall '19
  • Alcoholic beverage, Drinking culture, S. Tartaglia

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