Consists of ideas values attitudes and beliefs that

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Consists of ideas, values, attitudes and beliefs that exist originally in at least one person’s mind that are transmitted to other people’s minds through their interaction with the original person Cultural Differences in Moral Values - Views of moral behaviour are presumed to be important psychological principles that guide behaviour, and they are central to personality
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Downloaded for free at 2 Page | 2 Cultures clearly differ in their views of what is right and wrong, sometimes in seemingly arbitrary ways There may also be universals in what is considered right and wrong Many moral values are specific to many cultures and are likely to be examples of transmitted culture They appear to be passed from one generation to the next, not through genes but through the teachings of parents and teachers or through observations of the behaviour of others within the culture Cultural Differences in Self-Concept - The ways in which we define ourselves are the core components of human personality These self-concepts influence our behaviour Nesbett - Proposed that the economic means and subsistence of a culture affects the degree to which the group develops a culture of honour Culture of honour insults are viewed as highly offensive public challenges, which must be met with direct confrontation and physical aggression The theory is that differences in the degree to which honour becomes a central part of the culture rests ultimately with economics In herding economies ones entire stock can be stolen causing them to respond with violence. (the cultivation of an aggressive reputation) In more stable agricultural communities the cultivation of an aggressive reputation is less important Criticisms of the Interdependence-Independence and Collectivist-Individualistic Concepts - Several authors have criticized the Markus-Kitayama theory that Western views of self are independent and Asian are interdependent Matasumoto (1999) contends that the evidence for the theory comes almost exclusively from North America and East Asia and may not generalize to other cultures There is also far more overlap in the self-concepts of people from different cultures than lead to believe Church (2000)
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