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he is innocent, the next time he is stopped he will have a record. If the police find nothinghe is let go but, after this happens “the youth is often left afraid”. He is left afraid of being in the neighborhood he once thought was safe, he knows about other teens that have gotten into a “world of trouble” because they were in the wrong place at the wrong time or around the time the police were looking for a criminal. They have reason to fear mistaken identity or harassment because they could go to jail. They “would have to post bail money and pay legal fees (Anderson 1986). 5.(#7) Given the ever-present possibility of police scrutiny, what techniques, according to Anderson, do African-American youth use to avoid such scrutiny? That is, what are the key strategies these youth use in their attemptkeep police from mistaking their identity and/or arresting them? 6.(#8) Explain what Mitchell Duneier means by the term “interactional vandalism.” How do the homeless men’s interactions with housed women illustrate this type of deviance? According to Duneier, why do homeless men like Mudrick interactionally vandalize these women? Interactional vandalism is the harassment by homeless men of middle and upper classwomen by trying to converse with them. This is considered deviance because it breaks the social structure within society. Because the norms are being violated the men get labeled deviant due to their behavior. Homeless men like, Mudrick do this just for their own entertainment and because they feel like its attention they deserve.7.(#9) By reference to the West and Zimmerman article, distinguish among the 3
terms “sex,” “sex category,” and “gender.” Using the case of Agnes, explain what it means to “do gender.” How does the concept of “doing gender” differ from other social scientific perspectives on sex and gender? Sex is a determination made through the application of socially agreed upon biological criteria for classifying persons as females or males. Sex category is achieved through application of the sex criteria, but in everyday life, categorization is established and sustained by the socially required identificatory displays that proclaim one’s membership in one or the other category. Gender, in contrast, is the activity of managing situated conduct in light of normative conceptions of attitudes and actives appropriate for one’s sex category. Doing gender refers to how society labels femininity or masculinity. For