EXCI_206_LECTURE_NOTES_2013_-_COURSE_2

Functions of bones bones serve many functions in our

This preview shows page 19 - 27 out of 27 pages.

Functions of Bones Bones serve many functions in our body; the five major functions of bones. Of these 5 major functions, the first two, structural support of the body and providing levers for body movements, are the two most important functions for bodyworkers, trainers, and athletes, etc.. Structural support of the body Provide levers for body movements Protection of underlying structures Blood cell formation Storage reservoir for calcium
Image of page 19

Subscribe to view the full document.

23 EXCI 206 2013 EXCI 206 SKELETAL SYSTEM DIAGRAM BONES IDENTIFICATION Try to identify the structures in the following the pages. Help yourself with this list. You will have repeats. Anterior view Posterior view Clavicle Sternum Humerus Radius Ulna Cranium Mandible Scapula Rib Patella Vertebra Tibia Pelvis Fibula Sacrum Carpals Tarsals Metacarpals Phalanges Femur Metatarsals Coccyx
Image of page 20
24 EXCI 206 2013
Image of page 21

Subscribe to view the full document.

25 EXCI 206 2013 Sternum Manubrium true ribs xyphoid process false ribs costal cartilage
Image of page 22
26 EXCI 206 2013 Anatomy of a Joint Structurally, a joint is defined as a place of juncture between two or more bones. At this juncture, the bones are joined to one another by soft tissue. In other words, structurally, a joint is defined as a place where two or more bones are joined to one another by soft tissue. A typical joint involves 2 bones; however, more than two bones may be involved in a joint. For example, the elbow joint incorporates three bones: the humerus, radius, and ulna. Any joint that involves three or more bones of the skeleton is called a compound joint. In contrast, the term simple joint is sometimes used to describe a joint that has only two bones. The type of soft tissue that connects the two bones of a joint to each other determines the structural classification of the joint The following are the three major structural classifications of a joint: Fibrous Cartilaginous Synovial A joint is also known as an articulation .
Image of page 23

Subscribe to view the full document.

MUSCLE IDENTIFICATION Anterior view Orbicularis oris Pectoralis major External oblique Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) Biceps brachii Deltoid Vastus lateralis Frontalis Rectus femoris Sartorius Gracilis Adductor group Peroneus longus Temporalis Orbicularis oculi Zygomaticus Masseter Vastus medialis Tibialis anterior Transversus abdominus Posterior view gluteus maximus adductor muscles gastrocnemius latissimus dorsi deltoid semitendinosus trapezius biceps femoris triceps brachii external oblique gluteus medius Muscles of the thigh and leg Anterior view Sartorius Vastus medialis Vastus lateralis Rectus femoris Posterior view Gastrocnemius Soleus Semimembranosus Semitendinosus Biceps femoris
Image of page 24
28 EXCI 206 2013
Image of page 25

Subscribe to view the full document.

29 EXCI 206 2013
Image of page 26
30 EXCI 206 2013
Image of page 27
  • Winter '12
  • ChantalComeau
  • Major Body Parts

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern