), and was prominently featured in Philip Johnson 's International Style exhibition. Johnson maintained a correspondence with Oud, tried to help him get work, commissioned a house for his mother (never built), and sent him socks and bicycle tires. Then in 1945, after the end of World War II allowed photographs of Oud's 1941 Shell Headquarters building in The Hague to be published in America, the architectural press sarcastically condemned his use of ornament ("embroidery") as contrary to the spirit of modernism. Gallery house at Weissenhof Estate designed by J. Oud Willem Marinus Dudok ( July 6 , 1884 , Amsterdam - April 6 , 1974 , Hilversum ), was a Dutch modernist architect , best known for the brick Hilversum City Hall . Hilversum City Hall
One of several Hilversum schools designed by Dudok Dudok became City Architect for the town of Hilversum in 1928 and designed and built about 75 houses, public buildings and entire neighborhoods there, best known for the brick Hilversum City Hall (Raadhuis), completed in 1931. Not only did he design the building, but also the interior including the carpets, furniture and even the mayor's meeting hammer. Hilversum City Hall Dudok's early style grew out of the Amsterdam School but the dramatic massing, asymmetry, the overhanging eaves and other elements of his landmark City Hall were clearly influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright and the Chicago Prairie School . Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (25 June 1888–27 June, 1965) was a Dutch furniture designer and architect . One of the principal members of the Dutch artistic movement called De Stijl , Rietveld is famous for his Red and Blue Chair and for the Rietveld Schröder House , which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
Rietveld Schröder House in Utrecht (1924) Erich Mendelsohn ( 21 March 1887 – 15 September 1953 ) was a German Jewish architect , known for his expressionist architecture in the 1920s, as well as for developing a dynamic functionalism in his projects for department stores and cinemas. Einstein Tower in Potsdam The Red Flag Textile Factory , Saint Petersburg
Petersdorff department store in Wrocław (Detail) Walter Adolph Georg Gropius ( May 18 , 1883 – July 5 , 1969 ) was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus  School who, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier , is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture . 1921, Walter Gropius's Monument to the March Dead In 1919, Gropius was involved in the Glass Chain utopian expressionist correspondence under the pseudonym "Mass." Usually more notable for his functionalist approach, the "Monument to the March Dead," designed in 1919 and executed in 1920, indicates that expressionism was an influence on him at that time. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe , born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies (March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German-American architect .
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