Use items can have both a civil or commercial end use

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use items can have both a civil or commercial end-use as well as a military application. Jet engines and associated technologies are an example of a dual-use commodity. Civil/commercial commodities that require special controls The Department of Commerce authority for export authorization is the Export Administration Act (EAA). The EAA is implemented via the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the Commerce Control List (CCL). Department of Defense Because it is not a licensing authority, it can neither approve nor deny any export license requests. DoD does review selected license requests submitted to State and Commerce when these organizations know there are national security implications. When considering U.S. foreign policy and national security concerns, both the State and Commerce Departments pay close attention to requirements and conditions associated with: Transfer Use There are three primary types of ITAR export authorizations: licenses, agreements, and exemptions. A registered U.S. exporter must obtain an International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR) export authorization prior to export of a defense article, service, or technical information. Once an export authorization is granted, it remains valid for the period of time as depicted in the chart. Export control violations are very serious. The diagram shows International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) penalties. Export Administration Regulations (EAR) penalties are similar as they also include fines, imprisonment, and debarment. Let’s try and tie all of this together. The remainder of this lesson will describe the major activities accomplished in each phase of the Defense Acquisition System. The lesson will also address the international considerations in each phase, and that opportunities for international cooperation exist throughout the entire process. Later in Module 2, we start to build our acquisition strategy and will revisit some of this information. During the Production and Deployment (P&D) there are three basic mechanisms for the transfer of U.S. developed defense articles or production capability to other nations. These include foreign purchase or co-assembly via FMS or DCS, foreign co-production via FMS or DCS, and cooperative production. Purpose The purpose of the Production and Deployment (P&D) phase is to produce and deliver requirements-compliant products to receiving military organizations
Major Activities The major activities of the Production and Deployment phase include: Production and fielding of the product for use by operational units, including production of exportable configurations for foreign partner and customer nations, if applicable Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP) which establishes the initial production base Completion of OT&E to determine operational effectiveness, suitability, and survivability Obtaining a Full-Rate Production or a Full Deployment decision Phase End The Production and Deployment phase ends with the Full-Rate Production Decision Review

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