rights and how has human rights been applied selectively in relation to gender

Rights and how has human rights been applied

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rights and how has ‘human rights’ been applied selectively in relation to gender issues. further. Yet it is not closely related to focus of this paper. 8
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Respect for femininity and masculinity A key point emerges where sex differences are predominately regarded as ‘nature’ rather than ‘nurture’ if we look into the essence of educators’ interpretations of ‘respect for human beings’. In consequence, ‘respect for biological differences between men and women’ and ‘respect for characteristics between men and women’ are identified as aspects of respect. Mao-De, a mathematics teacher over 20 years, recounts: Gender Equality…it should be ‘respect’, respect for biological differences between men and women…in principle, I feel equality should be based on respect, which is not to say since he has got thirty, she has to get thirty as well; he got fifty while she got fifty; he has had a meal and in the meantime, she has to get the same meal…it is not that kind of equity on the surface. (Mao-De, 48, male, teacher) Ciou-Yan interprets gender equality as ‘respect for the gender characteristics of femininity and masculinity’, which are derived from sexual differences. She argues that we should not make boys do ‘what girls should do’ just for the sake of equality. She says, [Gender equality] is the respect for genders. It is not necessary to make women and men the same to be equal and vice versa . In this sense, I won’t designate some particular jobs for boys because I think both boys and girls shall learn to do it. As for the distinct traits of femininity and masculinity, don’t make boys do what girls should do just for the sake of equality. (Ciou- Yan, 47, female, teacher) Regardless of respect she mentioned earlier, Ciou-Yan claims that the equality in people’s mouths is only ‘fake equity’ as boys and girls are intrinsically different. Also, many teachers subscribe to her idea. She recounts, ……[W]hy do they add this word ‘equity’, I don’t understand. If this equity is based on respect, I can agree with equity. But…apparently, if the starting point is unequal, how can you make it equal? Is it not inequality? …that is ‘fake equity’. It is very obvious that men and women are different in many ways, for example, men have are stronger than women…If you would like to make them equal on the condition of inequality, it is exactly ‘‘fake equity’. 9
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(Ciou-Yan, 47, female, teacher) Along with the ideas of ‘respect for biological differences between men and women’ and ‘respect for the gender characteristics of femininity and masculinity’, such interpretations as ‘division of labour between men and women’ and ‘cooperation between both sexes’ are permeating educators’ statements. Li-Cing, a Director in the Section of Students Counselling and Guidance, claims, Should men and women be equal for every matter? I argue that a genuine equity depends on the cooperation and division of labour between men and women and then you can feel a mutual respect between each other. That is a genuine equity rather than a superficial one. (Li-Cing, 40+, female, director)
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  • Spring '14
  • Gender Equity Education

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