3.2 The Similarities between John and the Gospel of JohnThe table display the similarities of both letters 1 John and the Gospel ofJohn: PrincipleJohannine LettersGospel of JohnLight1 John 1:5-6; 5:131:4-9; 3:19-21; 5:35; 8:12;9:5; 11:9-10; 12:35-36, 46Darkness1 John 1:5-6; 2:8-9;2:111:5; 3:19; 8:12; 12:35, 46Life1 John 1:2; 5:121:4; 5:26; 6:33, 35, 48; 8:12;11:25; 14:6Truth1 John 1:6, 8; 2:21;3:19; 4:6; 2 John 1, 4;3 John 33:21; 14:6, 16-17; 15:26World1 John 2:15; 3:13; 4:4-514:17; 15:18-19; 16:8, 20Word1 John 1:11:1, 14Smith. Barry. D. (THE JOHANNINE LETTERS, n.d.) Linguistic parallels are present between 1 John and the Gospel of John as toportray Jesus in the Gospel of John. The end result is that the author, hischurches and the Johannine Jesus use a similar vocabulary and phraseologyand share a common set of concepts. 3.3. The attitudes and teachings John mentions the idea of antichrist in1 John 2:18; 2:22; 4:3 & 2 John 7, and in hisletters the antichrist he does not point to any particular individual,Ra McLaughlin2
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(2011:n.p.).The specific characteristics follow:"The" antichrist denies that Jesus is the Christ, and denies the Father and the Son (1John 2:22).The spirit of "the" antichrist does not confess that Jesus is from God (1 John 4:3)."The" antichrist denies that Jesus came in the flesh (2 John 7).Moreover, in every verse which mentions "antichrist," the numerically singular idea"antichrist" relates directly to a multiplicity of individuals, not just to one person:"Many" antichrists have arisen (1 John 2:18), to whom John refers as "they" (1 John2:19).The antichrist is anyone who denies that Jesus is the Christ, or who denies theFather and the Son (1 John 2:22). John makes this clear by referring to these peoplewith the Greek word pas (all) in 1 John 2:23. Most translations render this with "noone" or "whoever." In so doing they are attempting to capture the flavor of thelanguage in English. But a more literal translation of the opening words of 1 John2:23 would be "everyone who denies.""Every" (pas) spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is "the spirit of the antichrist" (1John 4:3).The antichrist includes "many" deceivers (2 John 7).The fact that each verse refers to a multiplicity of persons who may be called"antichrist" indicates to me that the textual variants are not terribly significant.Even if 1 John 2:18 should be translated "the antichrist is coming," the idea of"antichrist" still refers to "many" even in that verse, Ra McLaughlin (2011:n.p.).According to Ra McLaughlin (2011:n.p.),it seems that John uses the term"antichrist" to refer to characterizing those who deny basic truths about Christ.3.4. The Purpose of writing John 2 and 3The Book of 2 John is an urgent plea to the readers of this letter to show theirlove for God and His son Jesus by obeying the commandment to love eachother and to live their lives in obedience to the Scriptures. 2 John is also a3
strong warning to be on the lookout for deceivers and to discern their spirits tosee if they are inline with the truth and traditional beliefs about Jesus.
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