c.Hispanics who cross the border to obtain jobs in America are illegal, they don’t possess the right papers to be in America legally. The number of illegal immigrants have decreased since 2007- making it an all-time high. Deportations have more than doubled since then. d.Asian immigrants were seen as a threat to the dominant populationwhich lead to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882- stopping immigration from China. e.The Chinese Americans are the largest ethnic group in America, this group has more than 1 million people and includes: Koreans and Vietnamese. They are more likely to be foreign born as well as their parents. f.With growing need for labor companies began to recruit workers from Europe which caused the vast majority of immigrants to come from European countries. g.Immigrants are beginning to settle beyond traditional urban areas. States with limited diversity are becoming home to students from other countries as their families are sponsored through people in these communities. d.Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Educationa.Students of color are closing the achievement gapin the educational system with white students, but have not eliminated it. Students of color are not participating at the same level as white students in higher level courses. b.White students score at a proficient level or above on National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) test of reading is more than twice the score of colored students. All students today are preforming at higher levels of NAEP math test, but the gap between the two increase. B.Socioeconomic Status a.Socioeconomic statusidentifies a family’s standard of living, which also has a great impact of a person’s chance of attending college. This is determined by one’s occupation, income, and educational attainment. 1.Social Stratification a.Societies are characterized by social stratification, in which individuals occupy different social structures. High or low rankings of these social structures are based off of race, age, gender, religion, and disabilities.
b.Social mobility is a core value of the Unites States culture. Individuals who are born in poverty have very low chances of coming out of poverty without interventions- college education. Individuals who are born into wealthy families have a better chance of finishing college and finding higher paying jobs. 2.Class Structure a.Individuals who do manual work for a living are describes as working class. This group represents 37% of the employed population, members of this group have little control over their work, benefits, and health plans. b.Middle-class families are defined by incomes that fall in the 3rdor 4thsection of income earnings in the United States. c.Professionals, managers, and administrators in the group are more upper-middle class.
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