1800s 1874 Since slavery was outlawed Chinese laborers were kidnaped to

1800s 1874 since slavery was outlawed chinese

This preview shows page 7 - 8 out of 14 pages.

1800s-1874; Since slavery was outlawed, Chinese laborers were kidnaped to supplant slave labor; some were tricked, some were sold; sent to places like Macao and Peru and Chile; 23. HuiguanGuilds for provincial sojourners; represented different provinces in major Chinese cities24.Tianjin Massacre 1870Rumors that French nuns were kidnapping orphans and secretly killing them and using their eyes led to a demand for a local official to search the orphanage. French consul said no and shot at the official, then at magistrate, killing the attendant. Mob came and killed him and the priests and nuns— burning of several cathedrals and churches. Settlement: large sum for reparations, execution of mob leaders, exile of the official and magistrate and a mission of apology25.Ryukyu Incident1871-1874; Ryukyus killed in Taiwan. China at first denies responsibility but later pays for the Ryukyus. 26.Sino-French war 1884-5 War over Vietnam and China. All ships at the Fuzhou Shipyard were destroyed. 27. De-Asianization1885, Fukuzawa Yukichi: Western civilization is like a disease. We must inoculate ourselves to check against this disease; We must adopt Western civilization to stay independent, but to do so, we need to get rid of Japan’s old customs and the backwardness of China and Korea, who have no likelihood of maintaining their independence. Since Western people think China, Korea and Japan are all alike, they will think we are like the Chinese and Koreans. So we should join the Westerners and break with the Asians. This will justify our colonization plans. 28.First Sino-Japanese war 1894-5; was over Korea. Japanese wanted to take over Liaodong peninsula but opposed by Triple Intervention. Japan instead takes Taiwan. 29.Fall of Qing (1911 revolution)Many uprisings and revolts. Qing had been ineffective in modernizing China and confronting foreigners. Republic of China established. Puyi abdicates. Decades of political division and warlords. 30.Guomindang/Kuomintang, Nationalist PartyFounded by Sun Yatsen in 1911; currently a political party in Taiwan. After Sun Yat-sen, it was ruled by Chiang Kai-shek, who succeeded in the Northern Expedition to unify China. It retreated to Taiwan after losing to the Communists due to low morale of soldiers (forced conscriptions), corruption and currency crisis. 31.Comintern (Communist International) 1919-1943; founded by Lenin, initiated in Moscow to overthrow bourgeoisie and to create international Soviet republic before abolishing the state. 32.Chinese Communist PartyFounded 1921; founding and ruling party of PRC; only governing party of China, led by Mao Zedong, ruled by Politburo and its Standing Committee. The leader is the General Secretary and Chairman as well as State President. Current president is Xi Jinping. 33.Manchuria Incident 1931Japan staged a dynamite detonation, blamed China and invaded Manchuria. Led to Japan’s diplomatic isolation and withdrawal from League of Nations. Guomingdang: nonresistance to Japanese invasion. 34. Manchukuo1934-1945; puppet state of Japan ruled by former Qing Emperor Puyi; gave resources to Japan; Japan

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture