-employers protected themselves by getting the federal government to deploy soldiers in order to get employees back to work. Examples of this were when soldiers broke up Coxey's army, hundreds of unemployed men who marched into Washington demanding economic relief. Another example is the Pullman strike where workers of the town held a strike to protest a reduction in wages. Troops forced them back to work. 3. Compare and contrast the goals and memberships of the American Federation of Labor (refer back to Ch 16) The AFL limited their goals from utopian dreams to more realistic goals like negotiating for higher wages with employers. The Knights of Labor had been advocating for broad reform and economic independence. The AFL also avoided direct confrontations with large corporations. The Knights of Labor held big strikes like the Homestead and Pullman strikes. AFL membership was exclusive as it only was open to skilled workers and centered on small competitive businesses. The Knights of Labor was open to both skilled and unskilled workers which made them more diverse and often dealt with large factory industries. 4. Who were the Redeemers, and how did they change society and politics in the new south? The Redeemers were a coalition of merchants, planters, and business entrepreneurs who dominated Southern politics after reconstruction. The goal of the Redeemers was to undo as much of reconstruction as they could. Redeemers slashed taxes on land or property, and public facilities like hospitals and asylums closed. Schools were hit the hardest, black schools the most. The Redeemers were a group of white Southern planters and businessmen who sought to undo the legislations passed during Reconstruction. They slashed taxes and cut funding for schools and hospitals. Because of the work of the Redeemers, life for post- Reconstruction African Americans began to worsen. Blacks were purged from voting due to a state by state legislation barring blacks from voting, segregation laws began to spread across the South, a rise in lynching and white bitterness over Reconstruction
36 being a time of negro rule all served to re-enslave African Americans. -the group existed (or was influential) from 1876 to 1904. 5. Explain how changes in the politics, economics, social factors and spread of violence affected the situation of blacks in the New South. Discriminatory politics, economic inequality, rampant racism, and extreme violence towards black people in the New South caused many blacks to move West. One of the most important aspects of Reconstruction was the active participation of African Americans (including thousands of former slaves) in the political, economic and social life of the South. The era was to a great extent defined by their quest for autonomy and equal rights under the law, both as individuals and for the black community as a whole. During Reconstruction, some 2,000 African Americans held public office, from the local level all the way up to the U.S. Senate, though they never achieved representation in government proportionate to their numbers.
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