10 th amendment 5 According to Figure 41 Metaphors for Federalism what cake

10 th amendment 5 according to figure 41 metaphors

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amendment protects other powers for the states? 10 th amendment 5. According to Figure 4.1 “Metaphors for Federalism,” what cake metaphor is used to describe dual federalism? Layered cake 6. Define Cooperative Federalism (1930s to mid-1960s): after the great depression, FDR gave $$ to the states to bail them out. States were very appreciative. However there was no oversight or accountailibty for the $$ that was given to them. There was an overlap between state and govt so they shared powers. 7. According to Figure 4.1 “Metaphors for Federalism,” what cake metaphor is used to describe cooperative federalism? Marble cake 8. Circle, highlight, or check which description best describes how the Elastic Clause was interpreted under cooperative federalism: broadly, thus expanding the powers of the national government narrowly, thus limiting the powers of the national government Section 4.2- Federalism’s Dynamics Answer the following questions: 1. Circle, highlight, or check the time that represents when the greatest changes to national power usually happen: times of peace and stability times of crisis and change 2. In the case McCulloch v. Maryland, what was the Court asked to decide in regards to a national bank? How did the Court interpret the Necessary and Proper Clause in deciding the outcome of this case? The courts stated mccullough needed to pay taxes. Since it was within Marylands reserved powers. Broad interpretation Page 13 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution Mentor Note: The way the Supreme Court has interpreted the Commerce Clause has led to significant increases in the power of the national government. For instance, in the 1824 case Gibbons v. Ogden, the Courts defined “commerce” very broadly and upheld the powers of Congress, which gave the national government great authority to regulate businesses. 3. Define the Commerce Clause: Enumaerated power . if 2 or more states have a business then DC has the power to regulate that commerce. 4. Define the following terms and explain how each is used to force the policy choices of state and local governments, as seen under coercive federalism (defined in the section below): grants-in-aid: funding given to local govt. there are categorical grants such as fomula grants which gives $$ to states for school aid. Project grants are given based on the project ex new highways. Block grants are given for larger funding such as welfare. Each states is given a block amount and are free to sepnd it how they choose. mandates: highest level of force the govt can put on funding. Backed by the supremacy clause. Either do it our way or your not getting the money. States must comply. preemption: If the fed govt doesn’t like how the state is spending their money the fed govt can assume responsibility and enfore it in ones particular state.
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