wife to Kuwait, and have his children in the host country. In some cases, the mother may be the sponsor, if she is employed and entitled to bring her minor children with her; however, in most instances, she is not allowed to sponsor her husband. A male child can live in Kuwait under the sponsorship of his father or mother until he is twenty-one and a female child can do so until she gets married. Once a male child reaches the age of twenty-one, he can continue to live in the country if he is registered as a student and has a student visa or if he is employed and has a work visa. He is not entitled to a dependent visa from his father or mother. Migration rules do not entitle children born in Kuwait to non-Kuwaiti parents to become citizens, regardless of how long they have lived in the country. Thus, a substantial proportion of persons born in Kuwait have been living in Kuwait as foreigners, even though this is the only country they have lived in most of their lives.United Arab EmiratesIn the UAE, family reunification laws vary depending on the relation between the migrant worker and the family member accompanying him or her. When it comes to family sponsorship, a migrant worker must either be a spouse or a first-affinity relative to the relative accompanying him or her in order to qualify as a sponsor. For example, if a child, son-in-law, or daughter-in-law meets a minimum salary requirement, holds a valid residency visa, and can provide sufficient accommodation supported by appropriate documentation, he or she is able to sponsor his or her parents and parents-in-law (Immigration Special-ist 2012). Sponsors must receive a monthly salary of at least AED3,000plus accommodation allowances or a monthly salary of AED4,000without any ac-commodation allowances (Suter 2005).Children born in the Emirates to foreigners do not have rights of local citi-zenship and automatically assume the nationality of the parents. According to the Ministry of Interior, Emirati mothers married to non-UAE citizens will not be able to get citizenship for their children if they were born before their mothers became citizens. However, if the father is a national of the UAE, the child will usually be granted local nationality and may later become a national of the UAE and obtain a local passport. It is also important to note that in a law passed in 2011, an Emirati citizen married to a non-Emirati man may obtain citizenship for her child, and this has been successfully implemented since the passage of this law (Issa 2011; US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor 2012).
8 0I N F L E X I B L E C I T I Z E N S H I P A N D F L E X I B L E P R A C T I C E SWhile there is no age limit for sponsoring daughters as children to (re)unify the family, a son must be under the age of eighteen to be sponsored as a child.