Vietcong-Vietcong, had begun attacks on the Diem government, assassinating thousands of South Vietnamese government officials. Although the political arm of the group would later be called the National Liberation Front (NLF), the United States continued to refer to the fighters as the Vietcong. Vietminh-The next year, Ho Chi Minh returned home and helped form the Vietminh, an organization whose goal it was to win. Vietnam’s independence from foreign rule. Ho Chi Minh- the ruler of north Vietnam (commie) Domino theory-During a news conference in 1954, Eisenhower explained the domino theory, in which he likened the countries on the brink of communism to a row of dominoes waiting to fall one after the other. “You have a row of dominoes set up,” the president said. “You knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is the certainty that it will go over very quickly.” Ngo Dinh Diem - the ruler of south V (anti-commie) Ho Chi Minh- Trail-Ho Chi Minh supported the group, and in 1959 began supplying arms to the Vietcong via a network of paths along the bor- ders of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia that became known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Operation Rolling Thunder-“Operation Rolling Thunder,” the first sustained bombing of North Vietnam. In March of that year the first American combat troops began arriving in South Vietnam. By June, more than 50,000 U.S. soldiers were battling the Vietcong. The Vietnam War had become Americanized. Napalm-U.S. planes dropped napalm, a gasoline-based bomb that set fire to the jungle. Agent Orange-Agent Orange, a leaf-killing toxic chemical. The saturation use of these weapons often wounded civilians and left villages and their surroundings in ruins. Years later, many would blame Agent Orange for cancers in of Vietnamese civilians and American veterans. Dean Rusk- secretary of state Landmines- bombs underneath the ground and when someone stepped on it it will blow up and kill
many people. Robert McNamara- secretary of defense,precisely what the president did. Working closely with his foreign-policy advisers William Westmoreland- The general who kept requesting for more troops in the Vietnam War Tet Offensive-January 30 was the Vietnamese equivalent of New Year’s Eve, the beginning of the lunar new year festivities known in Vietnam as Tet. Search and destroy missions- U.S. soldiers conducted search-and-destroy missions, uprooting civilians with suspected ties to the Vietcong, killing their livestock, and burning villages. Many villagers fled into the cities or refugee camps, creating by 1967 more than 3 million refugees in the South. The irony of the strategy was summed up in February 1968 by a U.S. major whose forces had just leveled the town of Ben Tre: “We had to destroy the town in order to save it.” Silent majority-moderate, mainstream Americans who quietly supported the U.S. efforts in Vietnam.
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