appear neutral, what the Germans were doing with unrestricted submarine warfare and the mass killings of citizens was unbearable. He compared the two sides to a gang of thieves vs. a gang of murders and stated that the Germans had forced this action. He also spread his idealism by stating that, in America going to war, they were making the world safe for democracy and that they were not fighting for selfish reason like most of the other nations in the war. 10. What were the reasons for the US going to war that President Wilson enumerated in his speech to Congress on April 2, 1917? 11. To help get everyone in the United Stated excited for war, Wilson proclaimed that America’s goal of the crusade was to make the world safe for democracy. He went onto say that unlike the other belligerents on both sides, we were fighting not for selfish reasons like territorial conquest, but instead, so a world could be created where democracy could flourish. It did result in the majority of the country being amped for war and was recognized as the moral leader of the Allied forces. Out of idealism came his Fourteen Point plan for the war where his vision of hope inspired the Allies to push on and demoralized the enemy governments by holding out alluring promises to their dissatisfied minorities. Some of the points included: no secret treaties, freedom of the seas (not ruled by British), an adjustment of colonial claims in the favor of native people, a removal of economic barriers, lower war taxes, and more. 11. What are the characteristics of Wilsonian Idealism? 12. Journalist George Creel was put in charge of the Committee on Public Information to sell America on the war and to sell the world on Wilsonian war aims. Creel’s organization employed some 150,000 workers at home and overseas and used 75,000 to go around delivering speeches containing patriotic pep. His workers also spread his pro-war propaganda using billboard posters, leaflets and pamphlets containing Wilson’s ideals, and also songs that scorned the enemy and praised our soldiers. Creel was able to incite much emotion from people all around the world, but he also oversold the ideals of Wilson and led the world to expect too much. There was a disastrous result once people began to deal with the real, non- Godlike president. 12. How did George Creel manipulate the war effort for the United States? 13. The 8 million American citizens (total population was 100 million) with German parents were the main target of the acts. The vast majority of these people with German heritage
Bastian 4 remained extremely loyal to the US, but in all the hysteria stirred up by war propaganda, anti- German sentiment became very popular. Rumors were spread about Germans causing diarrhea, German music and books were deemed unsafe, and the names of German foods were changed to more American names. The Espionage and sedition acts also reflected current fears of anti-war Americans, especially the Socialists and the members of the Industrial Workers of the World. Leaders like Eugene Debs were prosecuted and jailed for
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- Spring '16
- Daryl O'Neill
- Woodrow Wilson, war effort, Clayton Antitrust Act, President Wilson