Canina had studied architecture in Turin but avoided the normal civil

Canina had studied architecture in turin but avoided

This preview shows page 136 - 139 out of 280 pages.

commissioned of a young architect, Luigi Canina. Canina had studied architecture in Turin but avoided the normal civil engineering career track there by leaving for Rome in 1810 on an old-fashioned Grand Tour on which he engraved vedute , toured ruins with Englishmen and archeologists, and pondered how the Pantheon might be improved with a Doric portico. Canina’s plan for the Villa Borghese extension draws a wide avenue straight up from a new entrance on the Via Flaminia outside the Porta del Popolo. Massive landfill was required to allow a gradual ascent to the higher plateau. From the earlier work on the villa grounds by Asprucci, Canina extrapolated a pattern of a strong visual structure of carriage routes with picturesque paths in the interstices. Canina thought, however, that the English artificial landscape was ill- adapted to Rome’s clime and customs. It was associated with aristocratic elitism and failed to capture the imagination of Romans, who would find its usual follies puny compared with their authentic remains. So, Canina’s garden constructions all serve real purposes of connecting the disparate parts of the grounds.There is an “Arch of Septimius Severus” with a reintegrated ancient statue on top and a set of Egyptian pylons designed according to recent archeological research. Both passageways were also cleverly designed viaduct bridges over a dirty public right of way channeled in the landfill underneath.The bleating of sheep herded to the slaughterhouse on the riverbank was overridden by the chatter of socialites flocking 136 the architecture of modern italy
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the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 3.6 Luigi Canina,Villa Borghese extension to Via Flaminia, Rome, 1822–34. Site plan. Engraving by Canina, Le nuove fabbriche della Villa Borghese denominata Pinciana , 1828
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through the villa gateways. For the villa’s new entrance on Via Flaminia, Canina designed a refined Ionic propylaeum, by far the grandest public welcome to any of Rome’s patrician villas. Canina’s three constructions here are in Greek, Roman, and Egyptian styles, emblematic of his idea of a triadic classical heritage. His compilations of historical prototypes at the villa are not intended as faithful archeological reproductions, but examples of form adapted to contemporary requirements of utility and legible representation. Canina went on to excavate the Forum, write a treatise on classical architecture, and opine that the style of the iron Crystal Palace in London could have been much improved by his research on Pompeian wall-painting motifs. Soon, another family and another villa typical of nineteenth- century society came to rival the Borghese: the villa of the Torlonia family. Giovanni, born to French immigrants in Rome, carried his father’s modest financial concern to the highest rank of economic prominence.Through the period of fluctuating allegiances of the revolution,Torlonia played upon either the guarantee of his French origins or the convenience of his Roman birth to win the confidence of clients on both sides of the political swing. He floated Pius VI a
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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