Modern European History Final Study Guide

Men from all over europe volunteered fascists won the

Info iconThis preview shows pages 9–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
men from all over Europe volunteered; Fascists won the war with the help of Mussolini & Hitler; Republicans vs. Fascists (rebel group led by Francisco Franco); Franco would become Spain’s dictator Appeasement : Hitler’s Foreign Policy called for appeasement : if they give some concessions, Germany will be happy and Hitler will be happy ; Hitler kept complaining about how unfair the Treaty of Versailles was Versailles Treaty : Treaty of Versailles prevented Germany from being powerful; was obsessed with racial supremacy Munich Pact : gave Hitler Sudetenland; the British thought he would be happy if he got this; Hitler saw it as further proof that Britain & France were weak & he could do whatever he wanted – expansion; failed act of appeasement toward Germany Vichy Government : In France, there’s a dictatorship called the Vichy Government: Philippe Petain in charge; people might not have liked the Germans, but this seemed to be the right thing; called itself the French State; maintained some legal authority; don’t divide France b/t the Axis powers Philippe Petain : In France, there’s a dictatorship called the Vichy Government: Philippe Petain in charge; people might not have liked the Germans, but this seemed to be the right thing Primo Levi : suffered in the Aushwitz concentration camps Strategic bombing : military strategy used in a total war; attempt to destroy economic ability and public will to wage war rather than destroying land or naval forces; demoralize the enemy; so peace and surrender can become preferable; aerial bombing Potsdam Conference : Issue of German refugees – Potsdam Agreement (ethnic Germans were forced to march out of foreign countries [Eastern Europe], even though some people had lived there for many years) Atomic bomb : explosive device that uses destructive force from nuclear reactions; used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Nuremberg War Crimes Trial : lots of people just saying they were doing their job in response to the Holocaust Holocaust : mass genocide of six million Jews during WWII
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Genocide : any of the following acts with the willingness to destroy a racial or ethnic religious group; causing mental and physical harm; destroying life; imposing measures to prevent births; with the intention of wiping out the group (not always death) Final Solution : Nazi’s kept using the term “Final Solution:” what to do with the Jewish people & seemed like it was just to deport Jews but ended up in mass murder; no evidence of Hitler about killing the Jews or how the idea came about Apartheid : a system of racial segregation of South Africa; many blacks were curtailed & whites supremacy occurred Indian Independence Movement : national & regional campaigns; India got independence from the British Raj; Gandhi – political ideas National Liberation Front : Balfour Declaration : From Balfour to Rothschild (leader of British Jewish community) for transmission to the Zionist Federation; helped secure Jewish support for Britain; rebirth of Israel as the Jewish state; Balfour interfered with Palestine; out of WWI; promised Jews possession of Palestine
Background image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page9 / 10

men from all over Europe volunteered Fascists won the war...

This preview shows document pages 9 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online