Mnemonics improving your memory skills a mnemonic is

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Mnemonics: Improving Your Memory Skills A mnemonic is a technique intended to improve memory for specific information, and these come in many different forms. o The method of loci is a mnemonic that connects words to be remembered to locations along a familiar path. Once a path is identified (eg. the seats around a dinner table), the learner takes a moment to visually relate the first word on the list to the first location encountered (e.g wine ! your father’s seat). o A more practical mnemonic is the use of acronyms ; pronounceable words whose letters represent the initials of an important phrase or set of items. o A related mnemonic, the first-letter technique , uses the first letters of a set of items to spell out words that form a sentence. Downloaded by Cassandra Pedersen ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|4002310
A number of mnemonic devices are based on the principle of dual coding , which occurs when useful information is stored in more than one form—such as a verbal description and a visual image, or a description and a sound—and it regularly produces stronger memories than the use of one form alone. o It leads to the information receiving deeper processing; this is because the additional sensory representations create a larger number of memory associations. This subsequently leads to a greater number of potential retrieval cues that can be accessed later. o The simplest explanation for the dual-coding advantage is that twice as much information is stored. While these mnemonic devices can help with simple memorization, they may not necessarily improve your understanding of the material. Method of improving understanding include desirable difficulties , which are techniques involving spacing out studying rather than cramming, or studying material in varying orders. No matter how an individual studies, they should always take advantage of the testing effect , the finding that taking practice tests can improve exam performance, even without additional studying. 7.3 CONSTRUCTING AND RECONSTRUCTING MEMORIES How Memories Are Organized and Constructed As it turns out, much of the way we store memories depends on our tendency to remember the gist of things. The Schema: An Active Organization Process The gist of a story gives us “the big picture”, or a general structure for the memory; details can be added around that structure. This gist is often influenced by schemas , organized clusters of memories that constitute one’s knowledge about events, objects and ideas. o Whenever we encounter familiar events or objects, these schemas become active, and they affect what we expect, what we pay attention to, and what we remember (eg. when reminded about doing laundry, your personal collection of concepts and memories regarding laundry activates and would be your laundry schema ).

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