On March 13th, 1954, the Viet Minh preemptively attack the French with heavy artillery. They French, surprised and having an interrupted supply line knew that defeat was imminent, so they held an opening of the Geneva peace meeting. The meetings took place on April 26ththrough July 21thdiscussing on the future of the Vietnam and the French Union. The battle of Mang Yang Pass, which took place in, An Khe ended up in a
Suarez 7victory for the Viet Minh. This last battle that occurred between the French and Viet Minh heavily affected the outcome of the 1954 Geneva accords. The conference was held in Geneva, Switzerland from April 26thto July 21st. It focused, above all, on resolving the war between the French forces and the Democratic Republican of Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh and about the Korean War. On May 8th1954, after they resolved their questions about the Korean War, they moved to the question about Indochina. Representatives from Great Britain, France, the People’s Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United States (although President Eisenhower did not wish to attend to the participate in the Geneva negotiations to avoid compromising with any communist country), The Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the State of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia were all present in the conference. With their defeat of France the Viet Minh expected that it would result in a completely unified, independent Vietnamese state. With their defeat of France the Viet Minh expected that it would result in a completely unified, independent Vietnamese state. In the conference, a few negotiations were agreed upon. The first negotiation that was agreed upon was that Vietnam would be divided along the latitude known as the 17thparallel. Along with that, they consulted and agreed that Ho Chi Minh would rule North Vietnam while Ngo Dinh Diem would rule South Vietnam. The French had a 30 year period so that their troops withdraw from Vietnam according to negotiations as well as the Viet Minh would have to withdraw from South Vietnam. In addition to the division of the country, neither side can enter in military alliances, set up foreign military base, or supplement its army. The Vietnamese would be allowed to willingly choose to either reside in the North or the South.
Suarez 8“The Geneva Accords provided for national elections to be held within two years, at which time the Vietnamese would choose their new unified government,” (Small). General Elections for the whole Vietnam would be held on July 1956 supervised by an international commission. The United States was opposed to general elections that were being held the later years, because they feared that Ho Chi Minh would win the elections.And if Ho Chi Minh won the elections, Vietnam would become a communist country, something the United States wanted to prevent so much.