Sided and small minded collages made from things

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sided and small-mindedCollages made from things found on the streetTransformed surroundings into strange and wonderful beauty
Extracts elegance from these lowly found materialsCubist derived grid, painting over the collage, creating a light radiating from the centerSchwitters – Merzbild 25A 1920Doesn’t restrict himself to 2-dimensional printed imagery as in other photomontages (Hoch)Incorporates rope, wire mesh, paint, etcStrong concern for physicality in his surfaces Are not accidental juxtapositions; but text found from newspapers can be referencing political happenings in Germany at the timeNEW OBJECTIVITYGrosz – Fit for Active Service 1916-17Principle painter of New Objectivity, had later violent statements about postwar Germany and humankindAffected by Cubism, Futurism, DelaunayPolitical publication, sense of macabre & detestation of bureaucracy, with a complacent doctor okaying a cadaver; political satireGrosz – Dedication to Oscar Panizza 1917-18Pulled into Dada and its leftwing directionPolitical/social satire; this is his most Cubist-inspired workRefers to writer Panizza (censored work in 19thcentury end)Mankind was mad – this represents the dehumanized figures with alcohol, syphilis, & pestilenceFuneral turned riot – flooded with fire/blood red, buildings leaning, mod packed around coffin where Death sits triumphantly, faces are masksControlled chaos with geometry of buildings and the planes into which he segments the crowdDix – Der Krieg (The War) 1929Antimilitaristic, war paintings are gruesome and horror-filled, rooted in German Gothic tradition of GrunewaldExposed to Cubism and Dada, concerned with realism thoughThis was a symptom of post-war against AbstractionNazi’s hated paintings like this, destroyedTrenchSuperrealismBeckman – Departure 1932-33Colorist richness developing here, monumentality, and complexity of the subjectEnriched color came from visits to Paris and French artist contact (Matisse and Picasso)Emphasis on literary subjects was heavy symbolicallyFirst of the monumental-symbolic approach; Triptych formatConnection b/w work and ecclesiastical art of pastAllegory of the triumphal voyage of the modern spirit through and beyond the agony of the modern worldRight wing – frustration, indecision, self-tortureLeft wing – sadistic mutilation, torture of othersDarkness resolved in middle brightness, mother, king, child guided by boatman
Overcome tortures of life, freedom is one thing that mattersIllusions could mean something different to each viewerSURREALISMArp – Fleur Marteau 1916Major visual artist to emerge from Zurich Dada“Biomorphic” – describes abstract imagery of Arp’s later work“Earthy form” to described reliefsThe specific object suggested might give the relief its nameThe contour lines were initially intuitive but are organic as the living organism that inspired themHis sculptureBegan to work in the round, making clay and plaster models for later bronze/marble sculptures

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