and foreshadowing of the civil war.
Charles Sumner -
Abolitionist senator from Massachusetts who in 1856 was beaten by South Carolina
representative Preston Brooks on the floor of congress with a cane. The event revealed that event in the democratic
institution of congress, compromise was no longer possible
Freeport Doctrine -
Stephan Douglas’s response to Lincoln’s question of “Would the people of a territory be
defying the Supreme Court’s ruling on Dred Scott, should they vote down slavery?” He argued that no matter how
the Supreme Court ruled, slavery would stay down if the people voted it to do so and laws to protect slavery would
have to be voted on by the territorial legislatures. It is important
as this argument helped him to win the senatorial
election but his elusiveness lost him the presidency in 1860.
Dred Scott -
Subject of one of the Supreme Court’s worst rulings.
Scott was a slave who Chief Justice Taney said
was not made free when he was moved to a free state.
This ruling was important as it allowed for slavery in all
states and thereby nullified state balance
guaranteed under the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates -
a series of seven debates for the open Illinois senate seat in 1858.
They were heated
and are important as one of the most famous debates in history arguing in essence whether slavery and popular
sovereignty can co-existence
Harpers Ferry -
In October 1859, John Brown failed to seize the federal arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia.
was captured and before being executed, his trial divided
the nation, as many thought him either a hero or killer.