PSYCH410 Exam III Study Guide .docx

O many people with depressionanxiety also have eating

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o Many people with depression/anxiety also have eating disorders o Mood problems cause eating disturbances to fuel eating disorders o Eating disturbance causes mood problems o Interactive loop o Gender (women) o Western cultures: ideal body image, negative body image o Perfectionism o Dieting o Negative emotionality/neuroticism trait o Compliant/social conforming o Shy, inhibited o Lack of awareness of body states What role does hospitalization, medication, family therapy, interpersonal therapy, and cognitive-behavioral therapy play in effective treatment of eating disorders? o Hospitalization: usually the first step, does not always require a full inpatient stay but some form of initial treatment; sometimes is involuntary o Medication: can be very helpful to help treat some of the anxiety/depression parts of an eating disorder o Family, interpersonal, and cognitive-behavioral therapy: very helpful o If people go through the treatment process, they will improve their condition/health but will almost always have some sort of struggle with eating disorders in their lifetime Why is Transdiagnostic CBT for eating disorders particularly helpful for clinics specializing in eating disorder treatment? o It is one treatment that can be useful and applied to all eating disorders, more practical because specialists only have to learn one treatment and can master it 7
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o Key aspects: Change eating habits and attitudes toward eating Address body image distortion and unrealistic fears Address problematic family interaction patterns Work toward age-appropriate individuation and autonomy within the family system Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders Why do some people advocate for calling schizophrenia “the schizophrenias”? o There are multiple stages of the disease (3 different stages) You should recognize the DSM criteria for schizophrenia. o Positive symptoms (excesses) Delusions, disorganized speech, hallucinations, ideas of reference, inappropriate emotions, “reactive symptoms” o Negative symptoms (deficits) Poverty of speech, flat affect, anhedonia, apathy, social withdrawal, “process symptoms” What is the lifetime prevalence rate of schizophrenia? o 1% You should be familiar with the distinctions between positive and negative symptoms, including how these symptoms types are related to the course of the disease over time, how they respond to treatment, and how they are related to long-term psychosocial outcomes. o Positive Symptoms (excesses) = hallucination, delusions, disorganized speech Short-term immediate and clear symptoms, effected and enhanced by stress, reactive symptoms o Negative Symptoms (deficits) = flat affect, apathy, anhedonia Less prominent at the beginning, effect more long-term in a process sort of way, process symptoms What are the three major phases of schizophrenia and their major features?
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