A typical ip address look like this 1921681021 which

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bytes) IP address byte is separated by a dot, or period. A typical IP address look like this: which is equivalent to 11000000.10101000.00001010.00010101 in binary format. Initially IP address was assigned as per Classful Scheme. Now IP address is classless. IP address has Net ID and Host ID. One net ID is assigned to an organization. For example Syracuse University has net ID 128.230 and 2 16 is host ID. How many computers you can are based the hostID. For Syracuse university it is 16 bits means it can have 2 16 hosts. For our example Syracuse University falls in to B class. B class has 16 bit net ID of which 14 bits are changeable. Thus total number of Net in class B is 2 14 = 16,384. Total number of Host in Class B is 2 16 = 65,536. Total numbers of addresses class B can have are 16,384 x 65,536 = 1,073,741,824. Net id is very important for routing. Routing is based on NetID. When packet come router need to quickly split that into NetID and HostID part. 5(20): what is ARP? Which layer does it belong to? Why do we need ARP? ARP stands for Application Resolution Protocol. It is a communication protocol. It maps Network address such as Ipv4 to Mac address. ARP is layer 2 which is data link layer. We need ARP to Map network address such Ipv4 address to physical address such MAC address.
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6: (15) write a C program to use pointer movement to print an integer byte by byte. Need to be able to compile and print out the bytes. (no shifting allowed, no points if program fails compiling). Or if you run out of time, write your strategy to do it. Here is a simple program that prints out a hex# byte by byte. I used hex 0x11121314 for demonstration purpose. Program: Output:
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  • Spring '17
  • Du
  • IP address, Internet Protocol Suite

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