What is the responsibility of the state to its

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responsibilities to their fellow humans. What is the responsibility of the state to its citizens? “Negative Rights” as rights governments are not to infringe on: free speech, assembly of press, and religion. More Western, richer developed view because basic needs are met. “Positive Rights” as the government’s responsibility to actually provide for their citizens: minimum well- being, education, healthcare, social security, and housing. More common among countries more worried about basic needs rather than political rights. Specific dimension of human rights: Clicker question which country did not practice any torture in 2007? Canada, USA, France, or Australia. 72% of students answer: Canada **Canada is correct. Canadians do it right ;-) Torture- the purposeful infliction of extreme pain, whether mental or physical, by government officials or by private individuals at the instigation of government officials CAT- convention against torture UN convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (1984) - Enforced 1987, 82 signatories, 158 parties as of 2015 What does CAT entail? -art.2: “take effective legislative, administrative, judicial or other measures to prevent acts of torture” -art 4. makes torture illegal in domestic laws -art.10: educate people involved in custody/ interrogation about the prohibition -art. 14: provide rights to victims of torture Clicker Question: True or False, CAT has extensive enforcement mechanisms? 84% of class said it did not
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