She is known for human rights advocacy, especially the educationof womenand children in her native Swat Valleyin Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, northwest Pakistan, where the local Talibanhad at times banned girls from attending school. Her advocacy has grown into an international movement.Yousafzai was born in Mingora, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Her family came to run a chain of schools in the region. Considering Jinnahand Benazir Bhuttoas her role models, she was particularly inspired by her father's thoughts and humanitarian work.In early 2009, when she was 11–12, she wrote a blog under a pseudonym for the BBC Urdudetailing her life during the Taliban occupation of Swat. The following summer, journalist Adam B. Ellickmade a New York Timesdocumentaryabout her life as the Pakistani military intervened in the region. She rose in prominence, giving interviews in print and on television, and she was nominated for the International Children's Peace Prizeby activist Desmond Tutu.
Yousafzai was injured on 9 October 2012 by a Talibangunman, who attempted to murder her as retaliation for her activism. Having been hit with a bullet, she remained unconscious and in critical condition at the Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology, but later her condition improved enough for her tobe sent to the Queen Elizabeth Hospitalin Birmingham, UK.The murder attempt sparked a nationaland international outpouring of support for Yousafzai. Deutsche Wellewrote in January 2013 that she may have become "the most famous teenager in the world".Weeks after her murder attempt, agroup of fifty leading Muslim clerics in Pakistan issued a fatwāagainst those who tried to kill her.Since recovering, Yousafzai became a prominent education activist. Based out of Birmingham, she founded the Malala Fund, a non-profit organisation,and in 2013 co-authored I am Malala, an international bestseller.In 2012, she was the recipient of Pakistan's first National Youth Peace Prize and the 2013 Sakharov Prize.In 2014, she was announced as the co-recipient of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize, along with Kailash Satyarthi, for her struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education. Aged 17 at the time, she became the youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate.In 2015, Yousafzai was a subject of the Oscar-shortlisted documentary He Named Me Malala. The 2013, 2014 and 2015 issues of Timemagazine featured her as one of the most influential peopleglobally. In 2017, Yousafzai's children's picture book Malala's Magic Pencilwas published. From 2013 to 2017, she was a pupil at the all-girls Edgbaston High Schoolin Birmingham.In 2017, she was awarded honorary Canadian citizenshipand became the youngest person to address the House of Commons of Canada.In August 2017, she gained admission to Lady Margaret Hall, Oxfordto study for a bachelor's degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics(PPE).