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DSST Anthropology as a Discipline

But there are no tests that can indicate for example

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But there are no tests that can indicate, for example, precisely how much of the taxicab driver's ability to make change is due to innate endowment and how much to cultural experience. This is part of the whole "nature-nurture" debate, how much of a person is shaped by nature, his genes, and how much is shaped by the environment. A student of culture and personality is driven to work with "Modal personalities," that is, the personality of the typical Crow Indian or the typical Frenchman insofar as this can be determined. But it is of interest, theoretically at least, to note that even if both factors, the biologic and the cultural, were constant
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—-which they never are in actuality—-variations of personality would still be possible. For example, two young women might have the same experiences of (1) having a baby, (2) graduating from college, and (3) getting married. But the effect of sequence (1), (2), (3) upon personality development would be quite different than that of sequence (2), (3), (1). It is through the medium of folklores- that the culture of a primitive society is transmitted from one generation to another. In various primitive folklore of India it has been shown how a man depends on plants, animals tree and birds etc. A folktale is a general term for the many types of narrative literature found in the oral traditions of the world. Folktales are used for different types of stories including: fairy tales, ghost stories, parables, fables, myths and legends. One of the chief specialties of primitive art is that it is not for the sake of art, but for life . For example-- pottery. Most primitive art-products are the necessary articles of daily life. Social Organization Until modern times, marriage was rarely a matter of free choice . In Western civilization, love between spouses has come to be associated with marriage. However, romantic love has not been a primary motive for matrimony in most eras, and the person whom it is considered permissible to marry has historically been carefully regulated by most societies. In anthropology, residence is the location chosen by a couple as their postnuptial domicile. In primitive societies, such residence choices frequently follow rules; and, in social systems of wide kinship ties, a new place of residence after marriage signifies the potential severance of old alignmentsand the establishment of new ones. The only universally recognized form of marriage that is acceptable in all societies is strict monogamy-- marriage between two people. Only 20% of the world’s societies are considered strictly monogamous, in which a person is married once in his or her life. Polygamy , in which a man has more than one wife, occurs in several cultures. The Muslim countries of the Middle East, Asia and North Africa often have such marriages. Muslim men are allowed by law to have up to four wives. Polygamy is usually only used by men who are wealthy enough to support more than one wife.
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