DSST Anthropology as a Discipline

However romantic love has not been a primary motive

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However, romantic love has not been a primary motive for matrimony in most eras, and the person whom it is considered permissible to marry has historically been carefully regulated by most societies. In anthropology, residence is the location chosen by a couple as their postnuptial domicile. In primitive societies, such residence choices frequently follow rules; and, in social systems of wide kinship ties, a new place of residence after marriage signifies the potential severance of old alignmentsand the establishment of new ones. The only universally recognized form of marriage that is acceptable in all societies is strict monogamy-- marriage between two people. Only 20% of the world’s societies are considered strictly monogamous, in which a person is married once in his or her life. Polygamy , in which a man has more than one wife, occurs in several cultures. The Muslim countries of the Middle East, Asia and North Africa often have such marriages. Muslim men are allowed by law to have up to four wives. Polygamy is usually only used by men who are wealthy enough to support more than one wife. Historically, this type of marriage occurred in Native American cultures before the introduction of European values. One specialized version of polygamy is levirate, in which a man marries the widow of his dead brother. The marriage of one woman to more than one man at a time is called polyandry. Polyandry is practiced in very few societies. According to McLennan, in early times men held women in common ownership like other goods, but as a scarce commodity and women were thus provided with several husbands. During marriage, at least one member of the newly married pair will be separated from his or her more important kin of the family of orientation (i.e., the family with whom one is raised). If this move necessitates that the person live with affinal kin (relatives through marriage), the new residence may place him or her at least temporarily at an emotional disadvantage. Family of orientation - the family one is raised by Family of procreation - the family that is formed when one marries and has children. The nuclear, or conjugal , family is the basic unit of family organization in virtually every society. It is generally defined as a married couple and their children (including adopted and fostered children, as well as the couple's natural children). The two main types of families are nuclear and extended. Nuclear is a married couple and their children; an extended
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family would include grandparents and other generations living in the same house. Nuclear families are common in the United States, while in some societies (i.e. in Asia), extended families are more common. Incest is sexual relations between persons who, because of the nature of their kin relationships, are prohibited by law or custom from intermarrying.
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