seriously flawed because it must sacrifice universality for utility and

Seriously flawed because it must sacrifice

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seriously flawed because it must sacrifice universality for utility and practicality, or because it must sacrifice generality for the precision gained through case studies. Similarly, environmental ethics is not flawed because it must rely on solutions that rely on ethical default rules and on combining human rights and public health progress with environmental progress and protection. Traditional ethics can give us powerful weapons for defending the environment. 328
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BIBLIOGRAPHY Agar, N. 2001. Life’s Intrinsic Value . New York: Columbia University Press. Ale, S., and H. F. Howe. 2010. “What Do Ecological Paradigms Offer to Conservation?” International Journal of Ecology 2010. doi: 10.1155/2010/250754. American Public Health Association (APHA). 2000. 2000 Policy Statements, the Precautionary Principle and Children’s Health , policy 200011. Washington, DC: APHA. American Public Health Association (APHA). 2005. Priority 2005 Issues: Fact Sheets, Health Disparities, Environmental Disparities, and Racial/Ethnic Disparities . Washington, DC: APHA. Aquinas, T. 1975. Summa Contra Gentiles , translated by V. J. Bourke. London: University of Notre Dame Press. Aristotle. 1948. Politics , translated by E. Barker. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Attfield, R. 1998. “Saving Nature, Feeding People, and Ethics,” Environmental Values 7: 291–304. Blouin, M., and E. Connor. 1985. “Is There a Best Shape for Nature Reserves?” Biological Conservation XXXII (3): 277–288. Boecklen, W. J., and D. Simberloff. 1987. “Area-Based Extinction Models in Conservation.” In Dynamics of Extinction , edited by D. Elliot, 247–276. New York: Wiley. Brennan, A. 1988. “Poverty, Puritanism, and Environmental Conflict,” Environmental Values 7 (3): 305–331. Bridbord, K., et al. 1978. Estimates of the Fraction of Cancer in the United States Related to Occupational Factors. Bethesda: NCI, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Bryant, B. (ed.). 1995. Environmental Justice . Washington: Island Press. Bullard, R (ed.). 1995. Unequal Protection. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. Callicott, J. B. 1982. “Hume’s Is/Ought Dichotomy and the Relation of Ecology to Leopold’s Land Ethic.” Environmental Ethics 4 (2): 163–174. Callicott, J. B. 1989. In Defense of the Land Ethic: Essays in Environmental Philosophy . Albany: Suny Press. Calsbeek, R., et al. 2009. “Parallel Shifts in Ecology and Natural Selection in an Island Lizard.” BioMedCentral Evolutionary Biology 9: 3. . Clark, C., and M. Mangel. 2000. Dynamic State Variable Models in Ecology . New York: Oxford University Press. Connell, J. H. 1978. “Diversity in Tropical Rain Forests and Coral Reefs,” Science 199: 1302–1310. Cooper, A. 1982. “Why Doesn’t Anyone Listen to Ecologists—and What Can ESA Do About It?” Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 63: 348. De La Plante, K. 2004. “Toward a More Expansive Conception of Ecological Science,” Biology and Philosophy 19, 2: 263–281.
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