A Speaker's Guidebook_ Text and Reference copy.pdf

Thus main point ii is coordinate with main point i

This preview shows page 229 - 232 out of 613 pages.

substantiate. Thus Main Point II is coordinate with Main Point I, Subpoint A is subordinate to Main Point I, Subpoint B is coordinate with Subpoint A, and so forth.
Image of page 229

Subscribe to view the full document.

Strive for a Uni fi ed, Coherent, and Balanced Outline CHAPTER 11 177 Recheck Division of Main and Subpoints As you review your outline, evaluate whether any of your main points more properly belong as subpoints to other main points. In a speech draft about interviewing and etiquette training, University of Oklahoma student Amber Pointer found this to be the case when she saw that she had created six main points: I. Interviewing is competitive and requires preparation. II. As in sports, interviewing requires training to compete well against others. III. When you sell yourself in an interview, you want to make your best impression. IV. When you take a course on interviewing, you become more competitive. V. Dressing appropriately is critical to making a good impression. VI. Proper table manners are key to making a positive impression during a luncheon interview. Upon examination, Amber realized that main points II and IV are actually sub- points of point I: I. Interviewing is competitive and requires preparation. II. A. As in sports, interviewing requires training to compete well against others. IV. B. When you take a course on interviewing, you become more competitive. Similarly, points V and VI are subpoints of point III (which now becomes main point II): II. When you sell yourself in an interview, you want to make your best impression. V. A. Dressing appropriately is critical to making a good impression. VI. B. Proper table manners are key to making a positive impression during a luncheon interview. As she examined her outline, Amber realized that she had introduced ideas later in her speech that properly supported the first main point and presented other material that was actually subordinate to her second main point. Rather than six main points, Amber’s speech in fact consists of just two. Strive for a Uni fi ed, Coherent, and Balanced Outline A well-organized speech is characterized by unity, coherence, and balance. Try to adhere to these principles as you arrange your speech points.
Image of page 230
CHAPTER 11 Organizing the Body of the Speech 178 A speech exhibits unity when it contains only those points that are implied by the purpose and thesis statements. Each main point supports the thesis, and each supporting point provides evidence for the main points. Each subsupport- ing point supports each supporting point. Finally, each point should focus on a single idea. A speech exhibits coherence when it is organized clearly and logically, using the principles of coordination and subordination to align speech points in logi- cal progression (see Table 11.2). In addition, the speech body should follow logically from the introduction, and the conclusion should follow logically from the body. Within the body of the speech itself, main points should follow logically from the thesis statement, and supporting points should follow logi- cally from the main points. Transitions (see p. 179) serve as logical bridges that
Image of page 231

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 232
  • Fall '16
  • taylor jones

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern