○SUMMARY: government should promotesocial orderand economic freedoms(low taxes, fewregulations on businesses); equality is nota core concern; orderand economicfreedomsarepriorities.○Liberal:those who are willing to use government to promote equalitybut not order.■Favor moregovernment.■More tolerant of alternative lifestyles, such as homosexual behavior.■Use government coercion to promote equality.●Favor: government activities that promote equality, such as affirmative action programs to employminorities and increased spending on public housing.●Oppose: government actions that restrict individual liberties, such as banning sexually explicit movies ormandatory testing for AIDS.2
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○SUMMARY: government should promoteequality, individual freedoms(lifestyle, expression);promoting order (social tradition) is lessimportant.○Communitarian:those who are willing to use government to promote bothorderand equality.■●Favor: government activities that promote equality, such as affirmative action programs to employminorities and increased spending on public housing.●Favor: government actions that impose social order, such as banning sexually explicit movies ormandatory testing for AIDS.IdeologyFreedom or Order in the OriginalDilemma?Freedom or Equality in the ModernDilemma?LibertarianFreedomFreedomConservativeOrderFreedomCommunitarianOrderEqualityLiberalFreedomEqualityPosition on IssueIdeologySupport harsher punishment for drug crimesConservativeSupport increased spending on public housingLiberalOppose government except for protection of life/propertyLibertarianismSupport higher income taxes [progressive tax]LibertarianismSupport more regulation of big businessesLiberalSupport lower taxesConservativeSupport legalization of drugsLibertarianism●The difference between conservative and liberal? Between liberalism and libertarian?○SEE ABOVE ↑●The difference between the Majoritarian and Pluralist models of Democracy?Majoritarian Model of DemocracyPluralist Model of Democracy●Interprets “government by the people” to meangovernment by themajorityof the people.●Centralized government structure.●Interprets “government by the people” to meangovernment by people operating throughcompeting interest groups.●Decentralized government structure; decisionsare made at the top of the hierarchy.●The idealsystem is one that divides governmentauthority among numerousinstitutions with3
●Approximates the people’s role in a directdemocracy within limitations of representativegovernment.○Primary mechanism is popularelection (conclusive).●Understanding/knowledgeability is required fromcitizenry.
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