Pakistan was friend during cold war and now frenemy

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embarrassing for us because we were caught by surprise. Pakistan was friend during cold war, and now frenemy, and India is an increasing friend Bush administration and nuclear weapons Challenge cold war arms control framework Factors driving bush approach Freedom of action “normalizing” US nuclear strategy no reason to be adversaries- rather than having high stakes and complicated, difficult, formal conversations, the US needs to move beyond that and normalize nuclear strategy—these weapons are not something exotic and treated with gloves, but needs to be dealt mutually assured destruction no longer stable maybe US with Russia and China, but not with any given rogue state
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defensive measures to protect the US from missiles- ? success or failure? Russia’s search for status—wanted to be treated like a powerful country Proliferation security initiative- set of US reliance relationships India/Pakistan Bush close with india North Korea Libya- success Quadafi(?) Because of Iraq war- because US invaded because thought there were nuclear weapons- may have changes Libya’s action Submitted to international inspection Aggressive actions of bush administration deterred Libya Iran Obama administration and nuclear weapons Prague speech 2009- Obama lays out a vision where he wanted to put an end to cold war thinking The US will take steps toward a world without nuclear weapons Reduce weapons in international security strategy and encourage others to do the same “global zero”? if the US threw weight behind disarmament- it will help the US win friends around the world to pressure others to give up nuclear weapons bring Russian arsenal down with us obama approach to arms control
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new START treaty limits each side to 1550 strategic nuclear warheads conservatives argue that obama administration has embarked on radical new change, compromising security being the powerful is how we sway interest and have input now it will be so low that it gives up security and allows countries like China think that they can become most powerful other countries like Libya with lower arsenals may think they can compete alternate view- this is calculated to support American interests buys the US credibility to leverage countries helps with countries like Iran- easier to build national coalitions if US reasonable, easier to get European partners and countries around the world to negotiate more support for military arms control treaties (ex: CTBT) conclusion nuclear weapons are an important element of US foreign policy risk of global nuclear war has declined but many challenges remain especially due to potential proliferators what principles should drive US nuclear policy EUROPE AND RUSSIA Introduction Is Europe still the center of US foreign policy Cultural ties
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Semester abroad Changing Trajectory of US-Russian relations Have relations changed over obama?
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