Boston and scare other provinces into obedience. This backfired; Americans were unified in resistance,
with all colonies except Georgia sending delegates to the Continental Congress. This first Continental
Congress was tasked with repealing the Coercive Acts and other restrictions imposed against the
colonies, not with declaring independence from Britain. To force Britain to repeal these acts, the
Continental Congress banned trade with Great Britain and Ireland, exports to the West Indies, and the
importation of slaves. Local committees were created to enforce these trade bans, as well as to raise
militias and collect taxes.
Not all colonists supported these measures against Britain. Calling themselves loyalists or Tories,
some Americans tried to subvert the actions of the Continental Congress and fought alongside British
troops. Some Native Americans and African Americans did not feel represented by the Continental
Congress and became allies of the loyalists, conducting wars of independence on their own. Colonists
who joined the revolution against the British called themselves Whigs, after the English party that
previously opposed the crown.
Fill in the blanks to complete the following paragraph.
In spring 1776, support for independence from the British crown increased, causing the Continental