CONCEPTS IN SOCIOLINGUISTICS-3.Outline

English and heritage language proficiency of second

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     English and heritage language proficiency of  second generation immigrant youth (percentages Ethnic Origin Knows English Knows HL Biling u al Prefer s Well Very w el l Well Very w el l Fluen c y* Englis h Latin American 94.7 65.1 60.6 21.4 38.8 71 Asian-Pacific Islander 90.3 57.9 20.1 8.8 7.3 73.6 West Indian 96.4 81.4 19.9 8.8 16.9 73.2 All 2nd generation youth 93.6 64.1 44.3 16.1 27 72.3 Source: Portes & Hao (1998)
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    SPEECH COMMUNITIES     A COMMUNITY  SHARING KNOWLEDGE  OF THE RULES FOR THE  CONDUCT AND  INTERPRETATION OF  SPEECH 
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    VERBAL REPERTOIRE   REFERS TO RANGE OF  LINGUISTIC RESOURCES  AVAILABLE TO  INDIVIDUAL OR A  COMMUNITY  
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    SELECTIVE  FUNCTIONALITY   AN IMPORTANT  CHARACTERISTIC OF  MULTILINGUAL VERBAL  REPERTOIRE 
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    LANGUAGE CHOICE   WHO USES WHICH  LANGUAGES WITH WHOM  FOR WHAT PURPOSES  
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    CONCEPT OF DOMAIN   Domains are taken to be  constellations of factors such  as: ∙location Topic participants
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    Types of Domains Types of Domains: INTIMATE (FAMILY) ∙  FORMAL (RELIGIOUS- CEREMONIAL)
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    DOMAINS, Contd. INFORMAL  (NEIGHBORHOOD) ∙  INTERGROUP:  ECONOMIC  RECREATIONAL  ACTIVITIES)
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    ASSYMMETRIC PRINCIPLE   IN BILINGUAL SOCIETIES,  LANGUAGES IN THE  REPERTOIRE OF A  COMMUNITY ARE NOT  EQUALLY DISTRIBUTED IN  TERMS OF POWER,  PRESTIGE, VITALITY, OR  ATTITUDE ;
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    ASSYMMETRIC PRINCIPLE   SOME LANGUAGES ARE 
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